The first study of Restoration England from the point of view of both rulers and ruled, this volume offers a vital reappraisal of seventeenth century England. The civil wars had a traumatic effect on the English people: memories of bloodshed and destruction and the ultimate horror of the execution of Charles I continued to be invoked for decades afterwards. It is often argued that the political and religious fissures created by the wars divided English society irrevocably, as demonstrated by the later bitter conflict between the Whig and Tory parties. After the Civil Wars proposes instead that although there was political conflict, Charles II's reign was not a continuation of the divisions of the civil wars.

chapter |4 pages


part One|1 pages

The Working of Politics

chapter Chapter One|12 pages

Rulers and ruled

chapter Chapter Two|16 pages

Centre and localities

chapter Chapter Three|18 pages

Favour and reward

chapter Chapter Four|19 pages


chapter Chapter Five|27 pages

Popular politics

chapter Chapter Six|10 pages


part Two|1 pages

Political Division and Conflict

chapter Chapter Seven|15 pages

The issues: I. Popery and arbitrary government

chapter Chapter Eight|35 pages

The issues: II. Church and Dissent

chapter Chapter Nine|34 pages

The frustrations of the Cavaliers, 1660–64

chapter Chapter Ten|22 pages

Politics in flux, 1664–73

chapter Chapter Eleven|28 pages

The rebirth of party, 1673–78

chapter Chapter Twelve|27 pages

‘Guelphs and Ghibellines’, 1679–81

chapter Chapter Thirteen|24 pages

The triumph of the Tories, 1681–85