For 1st and 2nd year undergraduate courses in Modern European History in departments of history. Also, higher level courses on enlightenment.This book provides a wide-ranging account and discussion of the history of Europe from 1713-1789. As well as political events, problems and institutions, it looks at the economic life of the continent, social structures and problems and intellectual and religious life. It also covers all aspects of Europe's relations with the rest of the world during a key period in European history.

chapter 1|4 pages


chapter 2|16 pages

The sources

chapter 3|39 pages

The structure of society

chapter 4|43 pages

Economic life

chapter 5|30 pages

Government and administration

chapter 7|23 pages

Armies and navies

chapter 8|13 pages

Diplomacy and international relations

chapter 10|22 pages

The German States and the rise of Prussia

chapter 11|16 pages

Spain, Italy and the Mediterranean

chapter 12|25 pages

The Anglo-French struggle for empire

chapter 13|19 pages

Europe and the outside world

chapter 14|23 pages

Education and cultural life

chapter 15|22 pages

The Enlightenment and its competitors

chapter 16|26 pages

Religion and the churches

chapter 17|18 pages

The coming of Revolution

chapter 18|3 pages