Originally published in 1940, this classic study of two schizophrenic case-histories further opened up the seemingly intractable problem of this condition; a task preceded by Jung’s own Psychology of Dementia Praecox. It was Baynes’s grasp of the meaning of the symbol coupled with his wide scholarship that enable him to explore the case-histories in such remarkable and fruitful depth, thus linking pathological psychology through graphic expression and the dream of the myths of mankind and the universal man. This was truly a scientific task.

In case 1, the series of dreams, fantasies and active imagination, fully illustrated by the patients’ spontaneous paintings, suggested to him a kind of mythological imagery. Baynes then demonstrates the emergence and development of a hero myth together with its therapeutic effect upon the patient, as an inner personal experience of death and rebirth.

Baynes also applied the methods of synthesis to the understanding of modern art and its reflection of the spirit of the times – a realization of the basic split in the socio-religious structure of European Culture. In case 2, the subject was an artist, and out of his own split he seemed to have created a symbolic bridge that would be a therapeutic bridge for himself and a possible model for curing the evil of the times in which we then were living.

chapter |12 pages


part |2 pages


chapter II|27 pages

History of Subject and Dream I

chapter III|31 pages

Analysis of Dream II

chapter V|45 pages

The Infantile Psyche

chapter VI|50 pages

The Cultural Psyche

chapter VIII|14 pages

The Maternal Aspect of the Unconscious

chapter IX|25 pages

The Heroic Combat

chapter X|45 pages

The Assimilation of the Dragon's Virtue

chapter XII|45 pages


chapter XIII|35 pages

The Symbol as Ruler and Transformer of Instinct

part |2 pages


chapter I|12 pages

The Introverted Subject

chapter II|29 pages


chapter III|15 pages


chapter IV|32 pages

Recognition of the Split

chapter VI|42 pages

Transformation from Animal to Tree

chapter VII|73 pages

The Phase of Yin

chapter IX|5 pages

The Shadow Casting the Reality page

chapter X|16 pages

The Birth of the God

chapter XI|82 pages

Christian versus Pagan