The result of extensive scholarship and consultation with leading scholars, this text introduces students to twenty-four theorists and compares and contrasts their theories on how we develop as individuals. Emphasizing the theories that build upon the developmental tradition established by Rousseau, this text also covers theories in the environmental/learning tradition.

Introduction; Chapter 1 Early Theories: Preformationism, Locke, and Rousseau; Chapter 2 Gesell’s Maturational Theory; Chapter 3 Ethological Theories: Darwin, Lorenz and Tinbergen, and Bowlby and Ainsworth; Chapter 4 Montessori’s Educational Philosophy; Chapter 5 Werner’s Organismic and Comparative Theory; Chapter 6 Piaget’s Cognitive-Developmental Theory; Chapter 7 Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development; Chapter 8 Learning Theory: Pavlov, Watson, and Skinner; Chapter 9 Bandura’s Social Learning Theory; Chapter 10 Vygotsky’s Social-Historical Theory of Cognitive Development; Chapter 11 Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory; Chapter 12 Erikson and the Eight Stages of Life; Chapter 13 Mahler’s Separation/Individuation Theory; Chapter 14 A Case Study in Psychoanalytic Treatment: Bettelheim on Autism; Chapter 15 Schachtel on Childhood Experiences; Chapter 16 Jung’s Theory of Adulthood; Chapter 17 Chomsky’s Theory of Language Development 1This chapter was written in collaboration with Stephen Crain.; Chapter 18 Conclusion: Humanistic Psychology and Developmental Theory; epi A Developmental Perspective on the Standards Movement;