This original and engaging book advocates an unabashedly empirical approach to understanding human values: abstract ideals that we consider important, such as freedom, equality, achievement, helpfulness, security, tradition, and peace. Our values are relevant to everything we do, helping us choose between careers, schools, romantic partners, places to live, things to buy, who to vote for, and much more. There is enormous public interest in the psychology of values and a growing recognition of the need for a deeper understanding of the ways in which values are embedded in our attitudes and behavior. How do they affect our well-being, our relationships with other people, our prosperity, and our environment?

In his examination of these questions, Maio focuses on tests of theories about values, through observations of what people actually think and do. In the past five decades, psychological research has learned a lot about values, and this book describes what we have learned and why it is important. It provides the first overview of psychological research looking at how we mentally represent and use our values, and constitutes important reading for psychology students at all levels, as well as academics in psychology and related social and health sciences.

part |2 pages

PART I Beginnings in the Empirical Study of Human Values

chapter 1|22 pages

A Brief History of Values

chapter 2|26 pages

Types of Values

part |2 pages

PART II Values in Psychology

chapter 3|21 pages

Connections to Motives, Traits, and Habits

chapter 4|27 pages

Connections to Ideology and Attitudes

chapter 5|26 pages

Components of Values

part |2 pages

PART III Forces that Shape Values

chapter 6|33 pages

Personal In uences on Values

chapter 7|29 pages

Social In uences on Values

part |2 pages

PART IV When and How Values Matter

chapter 8|28 pages

E ects on Prejudice and Well-Being

chapter 9|26 pages

When Values Matter

chapter 10|26 pages

How Values Matter