This book, first published in 1969, surveys Soviet policies and Middle Eastern responses during the turbulent 1960s. It deals with changing moods of Turkey and Iran, the Arab-Israeli conflict in the context of big power rivalry in the Middle East, the Russian naval presence in the Mediterranean, and the new Soviet interest in Gulf oil. The author also reviews the changing orientations of Middle Eastern communism in the new age of polycentrism.

chapter 1|4 pages


chapter 2|9 pages

Prelude: 1945–58

chapter 3|29 pages

The Neutralization of the Northern Tier

chapter 4|20 pages

Russia, Zionism, Israel

chapter 5|55 pages

The Soviet Union and the Arab World

chapter 6|19 pages

Oil for the Lamps of Eastern Europe?

chapter 7|8 pages

Trade and Aid

chapter 8|17 pages

The Soviet Military Presence

chapter 9|19 pages

Communism, Maoism, Arab Socialism

chapter 10|14 pages