This study explores the difficulties of translating presidential policy initiatives into ground-level policy implementation by the permanent government. Drawing on organization theory, it focuses on the ways that bureaucratic behaviours shape an agency's responsiveness to directives.

chapter 1|16 pages


chapter 2|28 pages

Changing Direction

chapter 3|19 pages

Legalism and Authority

chapter 4|16 pages

Programmatic Context

chapter 5|19 pages

Political Direction

chapter 7|25 pages

Processes of Policy Change: Definition

chapter 8|23 pages

Directing Federal Bureaus