This text provides an analysis of the EPA enforcement of the Clean Water Act and its amendments. The book uses extensive EPA data, including a survey of the EPA and state level environmental officials, to examine enforcement from the perspective of the enforcement personnel.

chapter |8 pages


chapter 2|24 pages

The Institutional Setting

chapter 3|26 pages

Pragmatic Enforcement

chapter 7|42 pages

Explaining Variations in NPDES Enforcement

chapter 8|18 pages

Water Outcomes: The Neglected Arena

chapter 9|18 pages

Conclusions and Recommendations