This book explains the definition, concepts, practices and procedures of Free Zone operations; how they are created, how they operate, and their benefits to the global and national economy.

Readers will be able to understand why Free Zones exist, their role in the development and maintenance of international trade, and how they contribute to national and global economic development and wellbeing, especially in developing nations. The author explains the processes in the establishment of Free Zones, and how government legislation and initiatives assist in this process. The book comprehensively but accessibly covers the topics of Freeports, Free Zones, Export Processing Zones (EPZs) and Special Economoic Zones (SEZs), as well as issues such as Customs requirements, Free Zone law and government initiatives, including the new UK Freeport initiative. It analyses the role of such Zones in global economic development and considers the challenges and issues related to Free Zone development and operation, including security and potential crime. The book also provides a series of case studies into selected global examples of Free Zones, EPZs and SEZs.

Freeports and Free Zones will have a broad readership, being of interest to global economic, fiscal and government institutions, policymakers, legal practitioners and advisers, economic and business advisers, port and airport authorities and major multinational enterprises. It will be especially relevant to the food, automotive, defence, manufacturing, logistics, Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG), pharmaceutical, aviation and maritime industries.

Part 1  1. Introduction and Background  2. Free Zone History and Overview  3. Overall Definition and Purpose  4. Fiscal and Legal Status  5. Specific Zone Definitions, Location and Comparisons  6. Customs Clearance  7. Rules of Origin and Freeports  8. Business Clustering and Economic Development  9. Tax Incentives, Duty Deferral Savings and the Supply Chain  10. Financial and Service Free Zones  11. WEPZA  12. Free Zone Security and Risk  13. The Political Perspective  14. Sustainability and the Future  15. Challenges and Secrets to Success  16. The UK Perspective  17. Conclusions  Part 2: Specific Global Free Zone Examples  1. North America  2. Latin America  3. Middle East and North America (MENA)  4. European Union  5. Russia  6. Asean (South-East Asia)  7. China  8. UK Freeport Initiatives  Appendix 1. UK Free Zones: Proposed Guidelines  Appendix 2. UK Freeport Operations Applicant Questionnaire