Introduction to Problem-based Learning teaches students how to work with the problem-based learning method, which requires mainly self-directed learning. Particular attention is given to the necessary skills to apply this method effectively. Why Introduction to Problem-based Llearning?

• comprehensible introduction in the problem-based learning method

• enables students to experience the full potential of this concept

• discusses the use of digital devices

Introduction to Problem-based learning provides students with the necessary skills to operate within as well as outside problem-based groups. It discusses issues like: How do you take on a problem? How do you collaborate with others? How do you deal with cultural diversity? How do you lead a tutorial group? How can you organize your studies best? Special attention is given to the use of computers, tablets and internet in a problem-based environment.

1 Features of Problem-based Learning

1.1 Introduction

1.2 What is learning about?

1.3 Learning from and with each other

1.4 What do we know about the effectiveness of problem-based


1.5 Problem-based learning in an electronic environment

1.6 Skills in problem-based learning

2 Learning through problems

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Various types of problems for problem-based learning

2.3 Explanation problems

2.4 The seven-step method of working with explanation


2.5 Strategy problems

2.6 Dilemma problems

2.7 Other types of problems

2.8 Variations in problem-based learning

2.9 Educational approaches related to problem-based learning

3 Collaborative learning in the tutorial group

3.1 Introduction

3.2 What is a tutorial group?

3.3 The importance of learning in small groups

3.4 Collaborative learning in a tutorial group

3.5 Some elementary characteristics of communication

3.6 Informal roles played out in the tutorial group

3.7 Formal roles played out in the tutorial group

4 Individual study skills

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Selecting learning resources

4.3 Studying texts

4.4 Making notes and diagrams

4.5 Studying texts in a foreign language

4.6 Recording your studies

4.7 Time management

4.8 Exams, finals and course assessment

4.9 Learning issues

4.10 Learning to learn

5 Skills required by tutorial group members

5.1 Introduction

5.2 The first meeting in a module

5.3 Providing and requesting information

5.4 Active listening

5.5 Making summaries

5.6 Taking notes

5.7 Evaluating tutorial group meetings

5.8 Giving and receiving feedback

Appendix: Tools to improve your skills as a tutorial group


1 Observation list: ‘Being a tutorial group member’

2 A questionnaire for evaluating processes in tutorial


3 Checklist: ‘Skills of a tutorial group member’

6 Chairing a tutorial group meeting

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Taking turns

6.3 Some general points

6.4 The role of the discussion leader during the synthesis


6.5 The role of the discussion leader during the analysis


6.6 Stimulating a collaborative working atmosphere

6.7 Some final points

Appendix: Tools to improve your skills as a discussion


1 Observation form ‘Discussion leader functioning in the

synthesis phase’

2 Observation form ‘Discussion leader functioning in the

analysis phase’

3 Checklist: Discussion leader skills

4 PROfessional Functioning in Teams (PROFiT)


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