ABSTRACT

This book considers the nature, causes and consequences of extreme pro- and anti-sustainability rhetoric, exploring how and why the expressions of radical views on sustainability-related themes may prevent real sustainable development.

Following a thorough introduction on sustainability rhetoric, on dialogue and on the role played by ideologies in the building of environmental beliefs, Fracarolli Nunes and Lee Park examine positions and statements expressed or made by individuals, companies, governments, and NGOs in the last decades. The outcomes of these considerations lead to the classification of expressions in different categories of sustainability rhetoric, laying the groundwork for the development of a ‘sustainability spectrum’: a metric for the level of radicalization of sustainability positions, which ranges from apocalyptic views to ultimate denial. Through the combination of historical perspectives, theoretical frameworks, and conceptual developments, this book provides a foundation for a more informed and productive dialogue between radically opposing views on sustainability issues.

This volume will be of great interest to students, scholars and practitioners researching and working in the areas of environmental communication and media, environmental politics and sustainable development.

Table of Contents

PART I. THE NATURE OF EXTREME SUSTAINABILITY RHETORIC *

1. Sustainability Rhetoric *

Abstract *

Introduction *

Rhetoric *

Sustainability Rhetoric *

The Sustainability Part of Sustainability Rhetoric: Lessons from Management Literature *

The Sustainability Cause *

Pro-sustainability Rhetoric *

Anti-Sustainability Rhetoric *

Reference list *

2. Sustainability and Dialogue *

Abstract *

Introduction *

Small Talk, Apocalypse, and Other Forms of Environmental Dialogue *

Impossible Dialogues *

Reference list *

3. Right Thinking, Left Thinking *

Abstract *

Philosophical, Political, and Economic Traditions *

The Problem with Ideologies *

Dissemination of Right and Left Ideas *

Resentment as Left’s Origins *

Selfishness as Right’s Origins *

Personal Effort *

Risk Taking *

Corruption of Free Market Mechanisms *

Reference list *

4. The Sustainability Spectrum *

Abstract *

Spectrums *

The Political / Economic Spectrum *

The Carnivorous Left (Extreme Left) *

Trotskyism *

Leninism *

Stalinism *

The Herbivorous Left (Centre-Left) *

The Centre *

The Herbivorous Right (Centre-Right) *

The Carnivorous Right (Extreme Right) *

The Sustainability Spectrum *

Eco-Revolutionaries *

Social / Environmental Warriors *

Eco-Moderates *

Eco-Skepticals *

Eco-Refractory *

Final Considerations *

Reference list *

5. Skeptical Views of Sustainability *

Abstract *

Skepticism and Denial *

Skepticism and Practice: Impacts on the Sustainability Debate *

Reference list *

6. Apocalyptic Views of Sustainability *

Abstract *

Apocalypticism *

Apocalyptic Environmentalism *

Reference list *

7. Moderate Views of Sustainability *

Abstract *

Introduction and Definition *

Causes *

Unfamiliarity with Issues *

Disinterest *

Fear of Reprisals *

Conviviality Issues *

On the Usefulness of Moderate Views *

Reference list *

PART II. THE CAUSES OF EXTREME SUSTAINABILITY RHETORIC *

8. The Psychology of Extremism *

Abstract *

Initial Thoughts *

General Thoughts *

Final Thoughts *

Reference list *

9. Sustainability, Politics, and Money *

Abstract *

Sustainability and Politics *

Sustainability Pyramid *

Sustainability and Money *

Reference list *

10. Panic, Sustainability, and Marketing *

Abstract *

Consumer Behaviour *

Sustainability and Panic Marketing *

Reference list *

PART III. THE CONSEQUENCES OF EXTREME SUSTAINABILITY RHETORIC *

11. Science and the Erosion of Credibility Capital *

Abstract *

Credibility Capital *

Scientific Credibility *

Science, Politics, and Economics *

Reference list *

12. Eco-anxiety and Other Psychological Outcomes *

Abstract *

Extremism and Emotions *

Fear *

Envy and Frustration *

Denial and Emotions *

Eco-anxiety *

New Forms of Authoritarism *

Reference list *

13. Dialogue and Collaboration *

Abstract *

Segregation and Polarization *

On Healthy Dialogues *

Reference list *

14. Economic Development and Innovation *

Abstract *

Green Products, Innovation, and Inequality *

Sustainability, Performance, and Protecionism *

Reference list *

PART IV. LESSONS AND PRACTICE *

15. Extreme Sustainability Rhetoric: Lessons Learned *

Abstract *

References *

16. Reconnecting Dialogue in Sustainability: Prescriptive Measures *

Abstract *

Introduction *

The Bursting of Cognitive Bubbles (Clusters) *

Dissociation of the Sustainability Debate from Economic and Political Ideologies *

Spotting Hypocrisy *

Reinforcement of Objectivism *

Reopening of the Academic Debate *

Enough with Celebrities *

Greater Skepticism towards Political Correctness *

Humility: The Topics are Complex *

Development of the Triple Bottom Line *

Less Protectionism *

No More Labelling: "Enemies" *

Reference list *