In this new edition, Paul Cartledge and Antony Spawforth have taken account of recent finds and scholarship to revise and update their authoritative overview of later Spartan history, and of the social, political, economic and cultural changes in the Spartan community.
This original and compelling account is especially significant in challenging the conventional misperception of Spartan 'decline' after the loss of her status as a great power on the battlefield in 371 BC.
The book's focus on a frequently overlooked period makes it important not only for those interested specifically in Sparta, but also for all those concerned with Hellenistic Greece, and with the life of Greece and other Greek-speaking provinces under non-Roman rule.

Contents -- Preface -- Maps -- PART I HELLENISTIC SPARTA (BY PAUL CARTLEDGE) -- 1 In the shadow of empire: Mantinea to Chaeronea -- 2 Resistance to Macedon: the revolt of Agis III -- 3 The new Hellenism of Areus I -- 4 Reform - or revolution? Agis IV and Cleomenes III -- 5 Sparta between Achaea and Rome: the rule of Nabis -- 6 Sparta from Achaea to Rome (188-146 BC) -- PART II ROMAN SPARTA (BY ANTONY SPAWFORTH) -- 7 Sparta between sympolity and municipality -- 8 Sparta in the Greek renaissance -- 9 Pagans and Christians: Sparta in late antiquity -- 10 The Roman city and its territory -- 11 Local government I: machinery and functions -- 12 Local government II: the social and economic base -- 13 High culture and agonistic festivals -- 14 The image of tradition -- 15 Epilogue: Sparta from late antiquity to the Middle Ages APPENDICES -- I The monuments of Roman Sparta -- II Catalogues of magistrates -- III Hereditary tendencies in the Curial Class -- IV Foreign agonistai at Sparta -- Notes -- Bibliographical appendix -- Bibliographicals addenda to the second edition -- Bibliography -- Abbreviations -- General index.