The written and spoken forms of Arabic have been traditionally viewed as separate forms of the language that rarely overlap in writing, but this book will examine the recently emerged concept of ‘mixed’ writing that combines both written and spoken forms.

This book takes a close look at different examples of mixed Arabic writing in modern (20-21st century) print and online literature, offering an analysis of this type of mixing alongside a dynamic model for analysing mixed Arabic writing, and the motivations for producing this type of writing. This book further introduces the ground-breaking concept of the seven writing styles for Arabic, ranging from Classical Arabic to ChatSpeak, whilst also offering an overview of early Arabic literacy and children’s literature.

Primarily aimed at Arabic researchers and teachers in linguistics, sociolinguistics, identity studies, politics and Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language, this book would also be informative for undergraduate and postgraduate students studying Arabic as foreign language, Arabic linguistics, and dialectology.

chapter 1|27 pages


chapter 2|35 pages

Variation in Arabic

chapter 3|19 pages

A delineation of variation in Arabic

chapter 4|7 pages

The proposed theoretical framework

Seven writing styles

chapter 7|18 pages

Children's literature and early literacy

chapter 8|4 pages