The author writes for all those interested in the dynamics of racism, from professionals in counselling, group analysis and psychotherapy working in multiracial and multicultural societies to those exposed to racism who need help in dealing with the impact of their experiences. She also addresses the concept of victims becoming perpetrators if support is not given to contain the process. Herself a group analyst, the author experienced at first hand racial discrimination within the system, but rather than succumb has instead produced an enduring and proficient work that draws heavily on personal experience. Combining years of counselling skill with a natural compassion, she makes the subject of racism approachable, thus motivating all those wanting to explore the issues. For people whose experience of broken attachments crosses racial lines, this book is possibly the first to use Bowlby's Attachment Theory as a framework for understanding racism.

part I|144 pages

Racial Discrimination: A Cry in the Wilderness?

chapter |4 pages


chapter One|9 pages

What is racism?

chapter Four|3 pages

The black mother as a container

chapter Five|5 pages

The internal investigation

chapter Nine|2 pages

The white couple as a container

chapter Ten|7 pages

The straw that broke my back

chapter Twelve|14 pages

Betrayal and regression

chapter Fourteen|7 pages

What's in a name?

chapter Seventeen|13 pages

Forewarned is forearmed

chapter Eighteen|4 pages

The cutting of the umbilical cord

chapter Nineteen|6 pages

Making use of the black container

part II|52 pages

Abandonment: Hide and Seek Until You Find Yourself

chapter |2 pages


chapter Twenty|3 pages

Personal history of abandonment

chapter Twenty One|3 pages

Sam's death: my past and present collide

chapter Twenty Two|4 pages

Hide and seek game

chapter Twenty Three|7 pages

Reaction to abandonment: the loss of Ruby

chapter Twenty Eight|4 pages

Finding themselves: pain is gain

chapter Twenty Nine|3 pages

Where is the hope in therapy?

chapter Thirty|3 pages

Celebrating the final separation

chapter Thirty One|5 pages

Finding myself: the halls of mirrors

chapter Thirty Two|4 pages

Celebration of two cultures

part III|122 pages

Can Psychotherapy

chapter |2 pages


chapter Thirty Three|3 pages

Choice of the research topic

chapter Thirty Four|11 pages

The grounding theories

chapter Thirty Five|5 pages

The history of skin colour

chapter Thirty Six|17 pages

The minority identity development model

chapter Thirty Seven|4 pages

The White identity development model

chapter Thirty Eight|5 pages

Psychoanalytical interpretation of racism

chapter Thirty Nine|11 pages

Qualitative methodology

chapter Forty|4 pages


chapter Forty Three|7 pages

Analysis of predictable findings

chapter Forty Four|7 pages

Analysis of unpredictable findings

chapter Forty Five|6 pages

Reflexive analysis

chapter Forty Six|3 pages

Discussion of findings

chapter Forty Seven|11 pages

Issues for training and clinical practice

chapter Forty Eight|5 pages

Methodology evaluation

chapter Fifty|3 pages


part IV|67 pages

Personal Development

chapter |2 pages


chapter Fifty Two|16 pages

Learning styles

chapter Fifty Three|3 pages

Personal Development Group in action

chapter Fifty Four|4 pages

Personal development meetings

chapter Fifty Five|4 pages

Reflecting on working on the research

chapter |13 pages


chapter |17 pages


Society without therapy: the England riots of 2011