Dialectics of Knowing in Education strengthens the philosophical basis of formal education that has been weakened by neoliberalism over the past 30 years. It theorises and encourages human existence based on social action, culture, inquiry and creativity so that citizens in democratic association can formulate their own understandings of the world and be their own philosophers of practice.

Under neoliberal capitalism, formal education has become a key economic driver and factor for all countries, but has exacerbated social division and inequality. This has led to an increased pressure on education systems to emphasise individual gain and prosperity at the expense of community care and concern. Drawing on the work of Dewey, Mead, Freire and Biesta, the author argues that formal education at all levels must be transformed so that it does not seek to impose knowledge and truth, but situates knowledge as being constructed by democratic learning circles of staff, students and citizens.

Focusing particularly on the notion of praxis and specific issues involving Indigenous, feminist and practitioner knowing, this book will help scholars, practitioners and policy makers to transform their education theories and practices in ways that encourage democracy, emancipation, social action, culture, inquiry and creativity.

part I|60 pages

Looking backwards, looking forwards

chapter 1|14 pages

Materialism and Dialectics

chapter 2|14 pages

Sciences, Humanities and Praxis

chapter 3|13 pages

Intersubjective Praxis

chapter 4|16 pages

Living with Ethical Conduct

part II|62 pages

Looking inwards, looking outwards

chapter 5|15 pages


How we are

chapter 6|13 pages

Thinking about Consciousness

chapter 7|14 pages

Language, Thought and Creativity

part III|65 pages

Looking to the earth, looking to the sky

chapter 9|14 pages

Indigenous Philosophy and Knowledge

chapter 10|15 pages

Feminism and Education

chapter 11|14 pages


Practitioner knowledge and research

chapter 12|19 pages

Dialectics of Democracy, Citizenry and Knowing

A letter to those who would act and teach