Originally published in 1989. This is the first history of modern France to explore the long-term origins of the libertarian revolt. It traces the moral history from the eighteenth century to the 1960s, examining the questions of marriage and divorce, homosexuality, and sexual morality. It includes detailed chapters on the Marquis de Sade, Charles Fourier, André Gide, and Daniel Guérin in order to illustrate the changing legislation, popular thought and public opinion. The result is an enlightening and provocative account which will be of interest to students of modern French history, moral thought and the history of sexual attitudes.

part One|1 pages

Towards Libertarianism

chapter Chapter One|26 pages


chapter Chapter Two|28 pages

The Marquis de Sade: Apologist for Autonomy

chapter Chapter 3|19 pages

Charles Fourier: Modernist or Neo-Traditionalist?

part Two|1 pages

Beyond Guilt?