Addressing the problem of reconciling China’s voting record in the UN on human rights and repressive policy at home, this book argues that domestic factors determine the way the Chinese government acts on wider human rights issues.

China has a very active voting record in the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on human rights resolutions and is active internationally on such rights, something at odds with its increasing repression of human rights at home. Using rational choice’s emphasis on actors acting to advance their preferences, the author argues that it is the perceived domestic threat to the rule of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) that determines the way the Chinese government acts on the human rights issues explored in this book. The author documents the pattern of this relationship through an in-depth examination of China’s voting in the UNGA on human rights issues, and statements made by Chinese delegates in the UN on human rights issues.

This book will appeal to students of China, human rights, international relations, and international organizations, and for both state and non-state actors seeking to advance policy changes regarding China and human rights. In addition, the findings have policy implications for INGOs and states seeking to influence China’s policies.

chapter |12 pages


chapter 1|18 pages

Human rights according to China

chapter 2|25 pages

China’s actions over the years on human rights and international politics

More of the same or fundamental change?

chapter 3|17 pages

Concern about the domestic threat

chapter 5|18 pages

Calling out developed countries, but protecting developing countries

China’s voting on country-specific human rights issues

chapter |15 pages