This book addresses the argument in the history of the philosophy of science between the positivists and the anti-positivists. The author starts from a point of firm conviction that all science and philosophy must start with the given… But that the range of the given is not definite. He begins with an examination of science from the outside and then the inside, explaining his position on metaphysics and attempts to formulate the character of operational acts before a general theory of symbolism is explored. The last five chapters constitute a treatise to show that the development from one stage of symbolismto the next is inevitable, consequently that explanatory science represents the culmination of knowledge.

Preface 1. The Place of Science 2. The Structure of Science 3. Nature: Occurrents 4. Nature: Complexes 5. Awareness 6. Operations 7. Meaning 8. Meaning: Correlational Symbols 9. Meaning: Constructs and Hypotheses 10. The Development of Knowledge 11. Models 12. Description 13. Explanation 14. Quantitative Methods