From the end of the eighteenth century to the late nineteenth century, a remarkable convergence takes place in Europe between theories of the modern state and theories of culture. Culture and the State explores that theoretical convergence in relation to the social functions of state and cultural institutions, showing how cultural education comes to play the role of forming citizens for the modern state. It critiques the way in which materialistic thinking has largely taken the concept of culture for granted and failed to grasp its relation to the idea of the state.

chapter 1|28 pages

The Culture of the Spectacle

chapter 2|32 pages

Cultures of Representation

chapter 3|24 pages

Capitalism vs. the Democracy

chapter 4|30 pages

Facing the Ethical State