Whether talking about steering a wheelbarrow over rugged terrain or plotting the course of international relations, human performance systems involve change. Sometimes changes are subtle or evolutionary, sometimes they are catastrophic or revolutionary, and sometimes the changes are from periods of relative calm to periods of vibrant oscillations to periods of chaos. As a general rule, more complex systems are likely to produce more complex forms of change.

Although social scientists have long acknowledged that change occurs and have considered ways to effect desirable change, the dynamical processes of change have been poorly understood in the past. This volume combines recent advances in mathematics and experimental design with the best available social science theories to produce a new, integrated, and compact theory of work, organizations, and social evolution. The domains of application extend from human decision-making processes to personnel selection and work motivation, work performance under conditions of stress, accident and health risk analysis, the development of social institutions and economic systems, creativity and innovation, organizational development and group dynamics, and political revolutions and war.

Relative to other literature on nonlinear dynamical systems theory (NDS), this book is unique in that it integrates new developments in NDS with substantive psychological theory. It builds on many recent developments in organizational theory to show that nonlinear dynamics were often implicit in those works all along. The result is an entirely new way of viewing social events, understanding change processes, and asking questions about social systems. This book also contains much new empirical work and explains the newly developed methods for testing these new hypotheses.

chapter 1|10 pages

An Invitation to Chaos

chapter 2|48 pages

Nonlinear Dynamical Systems Theory

chapter 5|51 pages

Dynamics of Motivation and Conflict

chapter 6|30 pages

Stress and Human Performance

chapter 7|27 pages

Accidents and Risk Analysis

chapter 8|25 pages

Stress-Related Illness

chapter 9|44 pages

The Evolution of Human Systems

chapter 10|28 pages

Innovation, Creativity, and Complexity

chapter 12|28 pages

Chaos, Revolution, and War