Offering a unique level of coverage, this book provides a comprehensive survey of the political and economic development of the countries of the former Soviet Union from the mid-1990s onwards.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
chapter |76 pages
Many ill-gotten gains found their way abroad, a large part of ‘capital flight’ being illegal. Capital flight is declining, but is still a problem. On 7 April 2001 President Putin signed into law a money-laundering bill after experiencing considerable international pressure. On 11 October 2002 the OECD task force on money laundering removed Russia from its blacklist of offending countries. On 16 December 2002 President Putin signed a law on copyright and trade-marks.
chapter |11 pages
Kuchma first became president on 10 July 1994. Friction between president and parliament has been a factor (as will be discussed below) in hindering economic reform. Kuchma has been re-elected, winning the second round of the presidential election (held on 14 November 1999) more comfortably than anticipated. His rival, Petro Simonenko (head of the Communist Party), was perceived as too inclined to state regulation of the economy and too close to Russia. Nevertheless, OSCE expressed considerable concern about the way Kuchma ran his campaign, e.g. the use of the state to manipulate the media. The general election of 29 March 1998 did not result in a sea change in the balance of forces in parliament: leftist forces remained the strongest but without a majority; a substantial centre persisted; nationalist forces, however, weakened somewhat. Parties have generally been strengthened. Kuchma hoped for a more constructive relationship with parliament and for a less geographi-cally split country.
part |2 pages
Part I The Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania
part |2 pages
Part II Belarus, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine