Clara Irazábal and her contributors explore the urban history of some of Latin America’s great cities through studies of their public spaces and what has taken place there. The avenues and plazas of Mexico City, Havana, Santo Domingo, Caracas, Bogotaì, SaÞo Paulo, Lima, Santiago, and Buenos Aires have been the backdrop for extraordinary, history-making events. While some argue that public spaces are a prerequisite for the expression, representation and reinforcement of democracy, they can equally be used in the pursuit of totalitarianism. Indeed, public spaces, in both the past and present, have been the site for the contestation by ordinary people of various stances on democracy and citizenship. By exploring the use and meaning of public spaces in Latin American cities, this book sheds light on contemporary definitions of citizenship and democracy in the Americas.

Prologue: Ordinary Places, Extraordinary Events  1. Introduction: Citizenship, Democracy and Urban Space In Latin America  Part 1: Cities, Democracies and Powers: The Politics of Spatial Appropriations and Social Representations  2. Political Appropriations of Public Space: Extraordinary Events in the Zócalo of Mexico City  3. Reinventing the Void: The Museum of Art of São Paulo and the Reshaping of Public Life along Avenida Paulista  4. Permanence of a Memorable Urban Space as a Place for Extraordinary Events: The Plaza of the Central Station in Santiago de Chile  5. Lima’s Historic Center: Old Places Shaping New Social Arrangements  6. The Plaza De Bolivar In Bogota: Place of Singularity, Multiplicity of Events  Part 2: Place, Citizenships and Nationhoods: Singularity of Place, Multiplicity of Projects  7. Space, Revolution, and Resistance: Ordinary Places and Extraordinary Events in Caracas  8. The Struggle for Urban Territories: Human Rights Activists in Buenos Aires  9. Events in the Metropolis: Public Space, Celebration, Citizenship, and Resistance in Rio de Janeiro  10. Iconic Voids and Social Identity in a Polycentric City: Havana from the 19th to the 21st Century  11. Unresolved Public Expressions of Anti-Trujillismo in Santo Domingo