Capable of acquiring large volumes of data through sensors deployed in air, land, and sea, and making this information readily available in a continuous time frame, the science of geographical information system (GIS) is rapidly evolving. This popular information system is emerging as a platform for scientific visualization, simulation, and computa

Introduction. Computational Geodesy. Reference Systems and Coordinate Transformations. Basics of Map Projection. Algorithms for Rectification of Geometric Distortions. Differential Geometric Principles and Operators. Computational Geometry and its Application to GIS. Spatial Interpolation Techniques. Spatial Statistical Methods. An Introduction to Bathymetry. Spatial Analysis of Bathymetric Data and Sea GIS. Measurements and Analysis Using GIS. Appendix. Appendix-B. Glossary of GIS Terms. Bibliography.