ABSTRACT

Reverse engineering is widely practiced in the rubber industry. Companies routinely analyze competitors' products to gather information about specifications or compositions. In a competitive market, introducing new products with better features and at a faster pace is critical for any manufacturer. Reverse Engineering of Rubber Products: Concepts,

Compounding Ingredients and Formulation Construction: Introduction. Elastomers: Properties, Uses, and Vulcanization. Fillers. Protective Agents. Vulcanizing Chemicals. Processing Aids. Formula Construction. Principal Chemical and Analytical Methods Used in Reverse Engineering: Chemical Analysis. Infrared Spectroscopy. Thermal Analysis. Chromatography. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS). Microscopy and Image Analysis. Mass Spectrometry. Principal Physical Test Methods: Introduction. Visco-Elastic Behavior. Elastic Modulus. Some Special Features of General Physical Tests. Reverse Engineering Concepts: General Concepts and Examples. Formula ReconstructionSpecific Example. Numerical Problem on Reverse Engineering. Formulation Reconstruction: Case Studies: Tire Tread Cap. Tire Sidewall. Tire Inner Liner. Heat Resistance Conveyor Belt Cover Compound. Fuel Hose Cover. Rubber Seal. V-Belt Compound. Rubber Covered Rolls. Rubber Part in Rubber-Metal Bonded Ring. Non-Black Elastic Tape. Rubber Diaphragm of Audio Speaker. Rubber Sealant. Bibliography. Appendices: Statistical Aspects of Chemical Analysis. Material Properties. Conversion Factors. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy. Glossary. Index.