It is common practice to evaluate wastewater to understand drug consumption, from antibiotics to illegal narcotics, and even to analyze dietary habits and trends. Evaluating contaminants in wastewater enables researchers, environmental scientists, and water quality experts to gain valuable information and data. Wastewater-based epidemiology is an emerging science that has proven to be a cost- and time-effective biomonitoring tool. This book provides a roadmap for detecting wastewater-borne pathogenic contaminants such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, and others. It provides a basic, fundamental discussion of how sampling and monitoring of wastewater using epidemiological concepts and practices can aid in determining the presence of the COVID-19 virus in a community, for example, and may help predict future outbreaks.



• Offers a unique discussion of the detection of bacteria, fungi, and COVID-19, and other viruses in wastewater

• Presents the fundamentals of wastewater chemistry and microbiology

• Explains biomonitoring, sampling, testing, and health surveillance in a practical manner


Fundamentals of Wastewater-Based Epidemiology: Biomonitoring of Bacteria, Fungi, COVID-19, and Other Viruses is an invaluable resource to a wide array of readers with varying interests and backgrounds in water science and public health.

PART 1 Setting the Stage Chapter 1 And What’s in the Pipes Will Tell Chapter 2 Fundamental Epidemiology PART 2 Statistical Methods Chapter 3 Statistics and Biostatistics Review Chapter 4 Basic Concepts Chapter 5 Distribution Chapter 6 Sampling—Measurement Variables Chapter 7 Frequency Measures: Incidence, Prevalence, and Mortality Rates Chapter 8 Measures of Association and Public Health Impact PART 3 Wastewater Chapter 9 The Science of Wastewater Chapter 10 Wastewater Spawned Infectious Disease PART 4 Wastewater-Based Epidemiology Chapter 11 Fundamentals of Biomonitoring, Monitoring, Sampling, and Testing Chapter 12 Wastewater Bacteria Sampling, Testing, and Analysis Chapter 13 Wastewater Protozoa Sampling, Testing, and Analysis Chapter 14 Wastewater Virus Sampling, Testing, and Analysis