The dry forests and woodlands of Sub-Saharan Africa are major ecosystems, with a broad range of strong economic and cultural incentives for keeping them intact. However, few people are aware of their importance, compared to tropical rainforests, despite them being home to more than half of the continent's population. 

This unique book brings together scientific knowledge on this topic from East, West, and Southern Africa and describes the relationships between forests, woodlands, people and their livelihoods. Dry forest is defined as vegetation dominated by woody plants, primarily trees, the canopy of which covers more than 10 per cent of the ground surface, occurring in climates with a dry season of three months or more. This broad definition - wider than those used by many authors - incorporates vegetation types commonly termed woodland, shrubland, thicket, savanna, wooded grassland, as well as dry forest in its strict sense. The book provides a comparative analysis of management experiences from the different geographic regions, emphasizing the need to balance the utilization of dry forests and woodland products between current and future human needs. 

Further, the book explores the techniques and strategies that can be deployed to improve the management of African dry forests and woodlands for the benefit of all, but more importantly, the communities that live off these vegetation formations. Thus, the book lays a foundation for improving the management of dry forests and woodlands for the wide range of products and services they provide.

chapter 1|9 pages

Dry Forests and Woodlands in Sub-Saharan Africa: Context and Challenges

ByEmmanuel Chidumayo, Crispen Marunda

chapter 2|31 pages

Distribution and Characteristics of African Dry Forests and Woodlands: Jonathan Timberlake, Emmanuel Chidumayo and Louis Sawadogo

ByWoodlands Jonathan Timberlake, Emmanuel Chidumayo, Louis Sawadogo

chapter 3|19 pages

Biodiversity of Plants

ByEnos Shumba, Emmanuel Chidumayo, Davison Gumbo, Cynthia Kambole, Mwale Chishaleshale

chapter 4|29 pages

Contribution of Non-wood Forest Products to Livelihoods and Poverty Alleviation

BySheona Shackleton, Davison Gumbo

chapter 5|37 pages

Non-wood Forest Products: Description, Use and Management

BySheona Shackleton, Michelle Cocks, Tony Dold, Sarah Kaschula, Keith Mbata, Guni Mickels-Kokwe and Graham von Maltitz

chapter 6|23 pages

Timber and Wood Products

ByAlmeida Sitoe, Emmanuel Chidumayo, Mário Alberto

chapter 7|23 pages


ByRogers Malimbwi, Emmanuel Chidumayo, Eliakim Zahabu, Stephano Kingazi, Salome Misana, Emmanuel Luoga, Jean Nduwamungu

chapter 8|26 pages

Livestock and Wildlife

ByJames Gambiza, Emmanuel Chidumayo, Herbert Prins, Hervé Fritz, Petros Nyathi

chapter 9|26 pages

Plantations and Woodlots in Africa’s Dry Forests and Woodlands

ByShabani Chamshama, Patrice Savadogo, Crispen Marunda

chapter 10|29 pages

Environmental Services from the Dry Forests and Woodlands of Sub-Saharan Africa: Crispen Marunda and Henri-Noël Bouda

BySub-Saharan Africa Crispen Marunda and Henri-Noël Bouda

chapter 11|19 pages

Managing Dry Forests and Woodlands for Products and Services: A Prognostic Synthesis

ByDavison Gumbo, Emmanuel Chidumayo