Water is not only a source of life and culture. It is also a source of power, conflicting interests and identity battles. Rights to materially access, culturally organize and politically control water resources are poorly understood by mainstream scientific approaches and hardly addressed by current normative frameworks. These issues become even more challenging when law and policy-makers and dominant power groups try to grasp, contain and handle them in multicultural societies. The struggles over the uses, meanings and appropriation of water are especially well-illustrated in Andean communities and local water systems of Peru, Chile, Ecuador, and Bolivia, as well as in Native American communities in south-western USA. The problem is that throughout history, these nation-states have attempted to 'civilize' and bring into the mainstream the different cultures and peoples within their borders instead of understanding 'context' and harnessing the strengths and potentials of diversity. This book examines the multi-scale struggles for cultural justice and socio-economic re-distribution that arise as Latin American communities and user federations seek access to water resources and decision-making power regarding their control and management. It is set in the dynamic context of unequal, globalizing power relations, politics of scale and identity, environmental encroachment and the increasing presence of extractive industries that are creating additional pressures on local livelihoods. While much of the focus of the book is on the Andean Region, a number of comparative chapters are also included. These address issues such as water rights and defence strategies in neighbouring countries and those of Native American people in the southern USA, as well as state reform and multi-culturalism across Latin and Native America and the use of international standards in struggles for indigenous water rights. This book shows that, against all odds, people are actively contesting neoliberal globalization and water power plays. In doing so, they construct new, hybrid water rights systems, livelihoods, cultures and hydro-political networks, and dynamically challenge the mainstream powers and politics.

part |2 pages

Part I – An Introduction To Water Rights, Power, Identity And Social Struggle

chapter 1|24 pages

Water Struggles and the Politics of Identity

ByRutgerd Boelens, David Getches, Armando Guevara-Gil

chapter 2|30 pages

Water Property Relations and Modern Policy Regimes: Neoliberal Utopia and the Disempowerment of Collective Action

ByHans Achterhuis, Rutgerd Boelens, Margreet Zwarteveen

part |2 pages

Part II – Politics Of Identity And Andean Livelihoods

chapter 5|20 pages

Identity Politics and Indigenous Movements in Andean History

ByMichiel Baud

chapter 7|18 pages

Land, Water and the Search for Sustainable Livelihood in the Andes

ByAnnelies Zoomers

part |2 pages

Part III – Tensions And Mergers Among Local Water Rights And National Policies

chapter 10|16 pages

Water Rights, Mining and Indigenous Groups in Chile’s Atacama

ByJessica Budds

chapter 12|12 pages

Acequias of the South-Western US in Tension with State Water Laws

ByGregory A. Hicks

part |2 pages

Part IV – Social Mobilization And Grassroots Strategies For Water Rights

chapter 14|22 pages

Using International Law to Assert Indigenous Water Rights

ByDavid Getches

chapter 16|22 pages

Federating and Defending: Water, Territory and Extraction in the Andes

ByAnthony Bebbington, Denise Humphreys Bebbington, Jeffrey Bury

chapter 17|12 pages

Conclusions: Water Rights, Power and Identity

ByArmando Guevara-Gil, Rutgerd Boelens, David Getches