This volume honors the founder of the International Academy for Research in Learning Disabilities (IARLD), William M. Cruickshank, and his many accomplishments. His influence on special education in general, and learning disabilities in specific, is evident throughout the world. Consistent with his international activities, the contributors to this book represent nine different countries. The chapters reflect a range of perspectives on "the state of the art" in learning disabilities, documenting both commonalities and differences across countries. Taken together, the chapters provide a comprehensive and informative picture of learning disabilities.

chapter 1|12 pages


chapter 11|16 pages

Learning Disabilities in Australia

chapter 15|18 pages

Learning Disabilities in Japan

chapter 17|18 pages

Reading Disabilities in Scandinavia