A vast and complicated array of subject matter is subjected to analysis, comment, and speculation by fifteen contributors representing three separate but contiguous disciplines. Their approaches are as various as one would expect. One is concerned with the bonds that hold associations together, and another with the tendency for the private to become public. One sees associations as interferences with democratic political processes, while another is more impressed by their positive values. Still another shows that the way in which they operate in the political process depends not only on the kind of association but also upon the political context within which they operate.

Pennock and Chapman say that the theorist's job is to speculate and to interpret the facts as he sees them. It is also the theorist's job to suggest hypotheses for testing: to point to lines of inquiry that should be pursued. One cannot read the essays in this volume, without having his eyes opened--or opened wider--both to the paucity of information about the political features of voluntary associations and to the wide variety of aspects from which the subject needs to be approached.

The kinds of questions that need to be examined can be grouped in categories. The first focuses on the individual: What kinds of memberships does he have? Even more, what is the effect upon him of membership in each kind of association? The second examines internal composition and workings of organizations. The third focuses on the state as a whole and the effect of organized groups upon it, the political processes of the associational structure of the society, and modes of behavior of these associations.

Organized groups play an intermediate role in the polity. At the same time, the state, and those charged at any particular time with the performance of its functions, must look primarily to new associations within it to secure compliance with its law and for guidance in shaping those laws.

part |84 pages

The Nature of Voluntary Associations

chapter 1|21 pages

Two Principles of Human Association

ByLon L. Fuller

chapter 2|11 pages

Commentary: Shared Commitment and the Legal Principle

ByAbraham Edel

chapter 3|6 pages

Commentary: Transcending Privacy

ByHenry S. Kariel

chapter 4|22 pages

Voluntary Association as a Rational Ideal

ByH. S. Harris

chapter 5|6 pages

Commentary: Constitutional Ideals and Private Associations

ByWillard Hurst

chapter 6|16 pages

Man and Society: An Examination of Three Models

ByLeonard G. Boonin

part |60 pages

Historical Perspectives

chapter 7|32 pages

Voluntary Association and the Political Theory of Pluralism

ByJohn W. Chapman

chapter 8|19 pages

Rousseau on Intermediate Associations

ByMaure L. Goldschmidt

chapter 9|7 pages

Some Remarks on Tocqueville’s View of Voluntary Associations

ByGeorge Kateb

part |147 pages

Pluralism in Practice

chapter 10|14 pages

The Public Values of the Private Association Grant Mcconnell

ByGrant Mcconnell

chapter 11|9 pages

Commentary: Pluralism, Empiricism, and the Secondary Association

ByDavid Sidorsky

chapter 12|32 pages

Private Government in the Managed Society

BySanford A. Lakoff

chapter 14|30 pages

The Constitution and the Voluntary Association: Some Notes Toward a Theory

ByArthur Selwyn Miller

chapter 15|22 pages

Corporative Organization: The Case of a French Rural Association

BySuzanne Berger

chapter 16|7 pages


ByJ. Roland Pennock