One of the best-known and most-quoted books ever written on labor unions is What Do Unions Do? by Richard Freeman and James Medoff. Published in 1984, the book proved to be a landmark because it provided the most comprehensive and statistically sophisticated empirical portrait of the economic and socio-political effects of unions, and a provocative conclusion that unions are on balance beneficial for the economy and society.The present volume represents a twentieth-anniversary retrospective and evaluation of What Do Unions Do? The objectives are threefold: to evaluate and critique the theory, evidence, and conclusions of Freeman and Medoff; to provide a comprehensive update of the theoretical and empirical literature on unions since the publication of their book; and to offer a balanced assessment and critique of the effects of unions on the economy and society. Toward this end, internationally recognized representatives of labor and management cover the gamut of subjects related to unions.Topics covered include the economic theory of unions; the history of economic thought on unions; the effect of unions on wages, benefits, capital investment, productivity, income inequality, dispute resolution, and job satisfaction; the performance of unions in an international perspective; the reasons for the decline of unions; and the future of unions. The volume concludes with a chapter by Richard Freeman in which he assesses the arguments and evidence presented in the other chapters and presents his evaluation of how What Do Unions Do? stands up in the light of twenty years of additional experience and research. This highly readable volume is a state-of-the-art survey by internationally recognized experts on the effects and future of labor unions. It will be the benchmark for years to come.

chapter 1|11 pages

What Do Unions Do? A Twenty-Year Perspective

ByJames T. Bennett, Bruce E. Kaufman

chapter 2|34 pages

What Unions Do: Insights from Economic Theory

ByBruce E. Kaufman

chapter 4|35 pages

What Effect Do Unions Have on Wages Now and Would Freeman and Medoff Be Surprised?*

ByDavid G. Blanchflower, Alex Bryson

chapter 5|46 pages

Unions and Wage Inequality

ByDavid Card, Thomas Lemieux, W. Craig Riddell

chapter 7|45 pages

What Do Unions Do for Economic Performance?

ByBarry T. Hirsch

chapter 8|37 pages

Union Voice

ByJohn T. Addison, Clive R. Belfield

chapter 11|27 pages

The Impact of Unions on Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment, and Turnover

ByTove Helland Hammer, Ariel Avgar

chapter 12|28 pages

De-Unionization and Macro Performance: What Freeman and Medoff Didn’t Do

ByDaniel J. B. Mitchell, Christopher L. Erickson

chapter 13|22 pages

Two Faces of Union Voice in the Public Sector

ByMorley Gunderson

chapter 14|36 pages

Unionism Viewed Internationally

ByJohn Pencavel

chapter 15|33 pages

Has Management Strangled U.S. Unions?

ByRobert J. Flanagan

chapter 16|28 pages

Organized Labor’s Political Scorecard

ByMarick F. Masters, John T. Delaney

chapter 17|43 pages

What Do Unions Do? Evaluation and Commentary

ByBruce E. Kaufman

chapter 18|26 pages

What Do Unions Do? A Management Perspective

ByKenneth McLennan

chapter 19|18 pages

What Do Unions Do? A Unionist’s Perspective

ByStephen R. Sleigh

chapter 20|30 pages

What Do Unions Do? The 2004 M-Brane Stringtwister Edition

ByRichard B. Freeman