The central question of naturalism - the relation of philosophy to science - was one of the defining strands of twentieth-century thought and remains a major source of debate and controversy. Today many argue that philosophy should fold itself into the sciences, especially the natural sciences. Liberal naturalists argue that such scientific naturalism demands reductive and Procrustean conceptions of knowledge and reality. Moreover, many philosophical problems are beyond the scope of the sciences, such as the nature of persons, the normativity of the space of reasons, and how best to understand the peculiar mix of objectivity and subjectivity of ethics and art.

The Routledge Handbook of Liberal Naturalism is the first collection to present a comprehensive overview of liberal naturalism, a philosophical outlook that lies between scientific naturalism and supernaturalism. Comprising 37 chapters by an international team of contributors, it examines important cutting-edge topics including:

  • what is liberal naturalism?
  • is metaphysics a viable project?
  • naturalism in the history of philosophy, including Hume, Dewey, and Quine
  • contemporary liberal naturalists such as P.F. Strawson, John McDowell, Hilary Putnam, and John Rawls
  • related kinds of naturalism, including subject naturalism, common-sense naturalism and biological naturalism
  • the bearing of liberal naturalism on contemporary debates in epistemology, philosophy of mind, ethics and aesthetics.

Essential reading for students and researchers in all areas of philosophy, this volume will be of particular interest for those studying philosophical naturalism, philosophy of science, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mind, ethics and aesthetics.

Introduction Mario De Caro and David Macarthur  Part 1: Historical Naturalisms and their Relation to Liberal Naturalism  1. Aristotle and Liberal Naturalism Riccardo Chiaradonna  2. Spinoza and Liberal Naturalism Alex Douglas  3. Hume and Liberal Naturalism Benedict Smith  4. Kant on Nature and Humanity Allen Wood  5. Nietzsche’s Naturalism: Neither Liberal Nor Illiberal Brian Leiter  6. Husserlian Phenomenology and Liberal Naturalism Andrea Staiti  7. Merleau-Ponty and Liberal Naturalism Jack Reynolds  8. Classical Pragmatism and Liberal Naturalism Steven Levine  Part 2: Theoretical Cousins of Liberal Naturalism  9. Quine’s Naturalism: Neither "Reductive" Nor "Liberal" Garry Ebbs  10. Wilfrid Sellars and Liberal Naturalism Willem De Vries  11. Foot and Liberal Naturalism Gabriele De Anna  12. Bernard Williams’s Liberal Naturalism Sophie-Grace Chappell  13. Price’s Subject Naturalism and Liberal Naturalism Lionel Shapiro  14. Relaxed Naturalism: A Liberating Philosophy of Nature Dan Hutto  15. Liberal or Radical Naturalism Joseph Rouse  16. Naturalism as a Stance Jack Ritchie  Part 3: Challenges for Liberal Naturalism  17. Pluralistic Realism and Liberal Naturalism Mario De Caro  18. Liberal Naturalism and God Fiona Ellis  19. Taylor and Liberal Naturalism Nicholas Smith  20. Can Selves be Naturalized? The Problem of Temporal Perspective Patrick Stokes  21. Liberal Naturalism, Ontological Commitment and Explanation Matteo Morganti  22. Naturalism with Chinese Characteristics Barry Allen  Part 4: Applications of Liberal Naturalism  23. Aesthetics and Liberal Naturalism: Art Up Close and Personal David Macarthur  24. Liberal Naturalism, Aesthetic Reflection and the Sublime Jennifer McMahon  25. Philosophy of Perception and Liberal Naturalism Thomas Raleigh  26. Ethics and Liberal Naturalism Hans Fink  27. Kantian Constitutivism and the Naturalistic Challenge Carla Bagnoli  28. The Rational Wolf: Moral Philosophy as Key to McDowell’s Liberal Naturalism Sofia Miguens  29. Rawls and Liberal Naturalism Paul Patton  30. Scientific Naturalism and Normative Explanation Robert Audi  31. Scientism and Liberal Naturalism Massimo Pigliucci  32. Liberal Naturalism and the Foundations of Psychoanalysis Talia Morag  33. Actualism as a Form of Liberal Naturalism Paul Redding  34. Critical Naturalism for the Human Sciences Daniel Andler  35. Jürgen Habermas and Liberal Naturalism Paul Giladi  36. Strawson and Non-Revisionary Naturalism Hans-Johan Glock  37. Hilary Putnam and Liberal Naturalism Massimo Dell’Utri.  Index