The task of researching gangs is fraught with difficulties, central to which are issues of definition and reliance on certain forms of data for analyses. These methodological issues have been acknowledged as limitations in most of the existing research, but they have not been explored as being potentially serious flaws contributing to the proliferation of myth, or as aggravating factors that exacerbate what is essentially a relatively uncomplicated social process. Also unclear from existing studies is the extent to which suppositions about gangs feed moral panics or contribute to the misidentification or over-specification of a problem. This captivating volume focuses on gangs, their formation, identity and behaviour with a view to developing a preventive strategy.

part I|76 pages

Theory and Concepts

chapter 1|11 pages

Social Structure and Anomie

ByRobert K. Merton

chapter 2|15 pages

Lower Class Culture as a Generating Milieu of Gang Delinquency

ByWalter B. Miller

chapter 3|10 pages

The Delinquent Gang as a Near-Group*

ByLewis Yablonsky

chapter 4|13 pages

Groups, Gangs, and Cohesiveness*

ByMalcolm W. Klein, Lois Y. Crawford

part II|118 pages

The History and Development of Gangs

chapter 6|14 pages

American Gangs and British Subcultures: A Comparison

ByAnne Campbell, Steven Munce, John Galea

chapter 7|3 pages

American Gangs and British Subcultures: A Commentary

ByR. G. Whitfield

chapter 9|6 pages

Street Gang Migration: How Big a Threat?

ByCheryl L. Maxson, Kristi J. Woods, Malcolm W. Klein

chapter 12|24 pages

Middle Eastern Appearances: "Ethnic Gangs", Moral Panic and Media Framing

ByScott Poynting, Greg Noble, Paul Tabar

part III|76 pages

Gangs and Crime

chapter 13|14 pages

Honor, Normative Ambiguity and Gang Violence*

ByRuth Horowitz, Gary Schwartz

chapter [14]|14 pages

Community Tolerance Of Gang Violence*

ByRuth Horowitz

chapter 15|13 pages

Niche Crime: The Columbus Gangs Study†

ByJacqueline L. Schneider

chapter 16|10 pages

Gangs, gang homicides, and gang loyalty: Organized crimes or disorganized criminals

ByScott H. Decker, G. David Curry

chapter 17|22 pages

Serious Youth Gun Offenders and the Epidemic of Youth Violence in Boston

ByAnthony A. Braga

part IV|99 pages

Drugs and Gangs

chapter 19|28 pages

"Crack," Street Gangs, and Violence*

ByMalcolm W. Klein, Cheryl L. Maxson, Lea C. Cunningham

chapter 20|31 pages

Neighborhoods, Markets, and Gang Drug Organization

ByJohn M. Hagedorn

part V|67 pages

Girls and Gangs

chapter 22|24 pages

Girls, Gangs and Violence: Anatomy of a Backlash*

ByMeda Chesney-Lind

chapter 23|23 pages

Accomplishing Femininity Among the Girls in the Gang

ByKaren Joe Laidler, Geoffrey Hunt

part VI|108 pages

Policy and Practice

chapter 24|14 pages

Gangs, Neighborhoods, and Public Policy*

ByJohn M. Hagedorn

chapter 25|15 pages

The Little Village Project: A Community Approach to the Gang Problem

ByIrving A. Spergel, Susan F. Grossman

chapter 27|23 pages

Childhood Risk Factors for Adolescent Gang Membership: Results from the Seattle Social Development Project

ByKarl G. Hill, James C. Howell, J. David Hawkins, Sara R. Battin-Pearson

chapter 28|31 pages

Problem-Oriented Policing, Deterrence, and Youth Violence: An Evaluation of Boston's Operation Ceasefire

ByAnthony A. Braga, David M. Kennedy, Elin J. Waring, Anne Morrison Piehl