ABSTRACT

In addressing humanitarian crises, the international community has long understood the need to extend beyond providing immediate relief, and to engage with long-term recovery activities and the prevention of similar crises in the future. However, this continuum from short-term relief to rehabilitation and development has often proved difficult to achieve. This book aims to shed light on the continuum of humanitarian crisis management, particularly from the viewpoint of major bilateral donors and agencies. Focusing on cases of armed conflicts and disasters, the authors describe the evolution of approaches and lessons learnt in practice when moving from emergency relief to recovery and prevention of future crises.

Drawing on an extensive research project conducted by the Japan International Cooperation Agency Research Institute, this book compares how a range of international organizations, bilateral cooperation agencies, NGOs, and research institutes have approached the continuum in international humanitarian crisis management. The book draws on six humanitarian crises case studies, each resulting from armed conflict or natural disasters: Timor-Leste, South Sudan, the Syrian crisis, Hurricane Mitch in Honduras, the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami in Indonesia, and Typhoon Yolanda. The book concludes by proposing a common conceptual framework designed to appeal to different stakeholders involved in crisis management.

Following on from the World Humanitarian Summit, where a new way of working on the humanitarian-development nexus was highlighted as one of five major priority trends, this book is a timely contribution to the debate which should interest researchers of humanitarian studies, conflict and peace studies, and disaster risk-management.

part I|1 pages

Background and foundation

chapter 1|12 pages

Introduction

Addressing the humanitarian-development nexus since the Cold War

chapter 2|11 pages

A theory for the continuum

Multiple approaches to humanitarian crises management

part II|1 pages

Humanitarian crisis management in armed conflicts

chapter 6|24 pages

The Syrian Civil War

Politicization of the crisis and challenges and dilemmas for humanitarian response

part III|1 pages

Humanitarian crisis management of disasters

chapter 8|22 pages

Prevention through the continuum of crisis management

The case of Honduras after Hurricane Mitch

chapter 9|23 pages

How can recovery be linked with long-term development?

The case of Indonesia

chapter 10|22 pages

Typhoon Yolanda in the Philippines

Qualitative analysis of institutional and political factors influencing the continuum

chapter 11|19 pages

Conclusion

The continuum beyond the humanitarian-development nexus