This is the first comprehensive exploration of why human security is relevant to the Arctic and what achieving it can mean, covering the areas of health of the environment, identity of peoples, supply of traditional foods, community health, economic opportunities, and political stability. The traditional definition of security has already been actively employed in the Arctic region for decades, particularly in relation to natural resource sovereignty issues, but how and why should the human aspect be introduced? What can this region teach us about human security in the wider world?

The book reviews the potential threats to security, putting them in an analytical framework and indicating a clear path for solutions.Contributions come from natural, social and humanities scientists, hailing from Canada, Russia, Finland and Norway.

Environmental Change and Human Security in the Arctic is an essential resource for policy-makers, community groups, researchers and students working in the field of human security, particularly for those in the Arctic regions.

Foreword: Remarks by former Canadian Ambassador to Norway, Shirley Wolff Serafini at the Human Security in the Arctic Seminar (May 2004)  1. Introduction: Can we broaden our understanding of security in the Arctic?  PART 1: Differing Conceptions of Security in the Arctic  2. Cold War legacies in Russia’s Svalbard policy  3. A new northern security: Environmental degradation and risks, climate change, energy security, trans-nationalism and flows of globalization and governance  4. Virtuous imperialism or a shared global objective?: The relevance of human security in the global North  PART 2: Environmental Security  5. The sustainability transition: Governing coupled human/natural systems  6. Arctic environmental security and abrupt climate change  7. Climate change impacts, adaptation, and the technology interface  8. Bridging the GAPS between ecology and human security  PART 3: Health Security  9. Telemedicine as a tool for improving human security  10. Health and human security: Communicable diseases in the post-Soviet Arctic  PART 4: Human Security: Women and Indigenous Groups  11. Aboriginal self-determination and resource development activity: improving human security in the Canadian Arctic?  12. Women’s participation in decision making: human security in the Canadian Arctic  13. Human security and women’s security reality in Northwest Russia  14. The political exclusion and commodification of women  15. Conclusion: Revisiting Arctic security