The matter of Christian–Muslim relations cannot be ignored these days. While the term itself may not appear all that often, relations between the two faiths and their reciprocal perceptions are undeniable influences behind many current conflicts, declarations of mutual recognition and peace negotiations, not to mention the brooding hatred of religious extremists. Since 9/11, relations between the two faiths have, in one form or another, hardly been away from the news.

This Handbook contains fundamental information about the major aspects of relations between Christians and Muslims. Its various sections follow the history from the early seventh century to the present, the major religious issues that have led to disputes between the two faiths, and the political implications of religious differences at various stages through history, as well as in the present. It includes analysis of scriptural and theological themes and explores the characteristics of relations at important points in history and also in various parts of the world today. Chapters are devoted to the most significant intellectual interpretations and encounters, the main armed clashes, including the Crusades, and the important documents issued by each faith that in recent years have led the way towards new developments in recognition and acceptance.

With chapters written by some of the foremost experts in the field, the book traces the largely dark history of relations and explains the underlying reasons why Muslims and Christians have found tolerance and respect for the other difficult. It is an excellent resource for understanding the past and for highlighting lessons for future relations between the world’s two largest religions.

chapter 1|6 pages


part I|259 pages

Christian–Muslim relations in history

part IB|149 pages

The Middle Ages

chapter 8a|6 pages

Christians under Muslim Rule, 650–1200

Christians in the Muslim Arab world

chapter 8b|5 pages

Christians under Muslim Rule, 650–1200

Christians in Muslim Spain

chapter 9|10 pages

The Pact of ʿUmar

chapter 14|9 pages

The Crusades

chapter 15|14 pages

Arts in the Eastern Mediterranean before the Crusades

Approaching Christian–Muslim relations through visual representations

chapter 19|9 pages

Christian Conversion to Islam

part IC|49 pages

The Early Modern and Modern periods

part II|71 pages

Theological attitudes in Christian–Muslim encounters

part III|94 pages

Christians and Muslims in society

chapter 36|8 pages

Muslims in Christian Lands

chapter 39|9 pages

Muslims and Christians in Britain Today

Living together, respecting difference?

chapter 40|8 pages


chapter 41|9 pages

The Eastern Churches and Islam