A comprehensive one-stop reference text, The Routledge Companion to Criminological Theory and Concepts (the ‘Companion’) will find a place on every bookshelf, whether it be that of a budding scholar or a seasoned academic. Comprising over a hundred concise and authoritative essays written by leading scholars in the field, this volume explains in a clear and inviting way the emergence, context, evolution and current status of key criminological theories and conceptual themes.

The Companion is divided into six historical and thematic parts, each introduced by the editors and containing a selection of accessible and engaging short essays written specifically for this text:

  • Foundations of criminological thought and contemporary revitalizations
  • The emergence and growth of American criminology
  • From appreciation to critique
  • Late critical criminologies and new directions
  • Punishment and security
  • Geographies of crime

Comprehensive cross-referencing between entries will provide the reader with signposts to later developments, to critiques and to associated theoretical developments explored within the book, and lists of further reading in every entry will encourage independent thinking and study. This book is an essential reference work for criminology students at all levels and is the perfect companion for courses on criminological theory.

chapter |5 pages

A rendezvous subject? A fragmented discipline?

An introduction to The Routledge Companion to Criminological Theory and Concepts

part 1|85 pages

Foundations of criminological thought and contemporary revitalizations

chapter |2 pages


chapter 1.1|5 pages

Religion, spirituality and crime

ByStephen Pfohl

chapter 1.2|4 pages

Classical criminology

ByPiers Beirne

chapter 1.3|4 pages


ByEamonn Carrabine

chapter 1.4|5 pages


ByKristie R. Blevins

chapter 1.5|5 pages

Biological criminology

ByChad Posick, Mackenzie McBride

chapter 1.6|5 pages


ByEamonn Carrabine, Nigel South

chapter 1.7|4 pages


ByShichun Ling, Adrian Raine

chapter 1.8|4 pages

Learning theory

ByClive R. Hollin

chapter 1.9|4 pages

Personality theory

ByClive R. Hollin

chapter 1.10|5 pages

Psychoanalytic perspectives

ByTony Jefferson

chapter 1.11|5 pages

Biosocial theory

ByStephen G. Tibbetts

chapter 1.12|5 pages

Developmental criminology

ByDavid P. Farrington

chapter 1.13|4 pages

Life-course theory

ByStephen G. Tibbetts, Jose Rivera

chapter 1.14|5 pages

Experimental criminology

ByMelissa Rorie

chapter 1.15|4 pages

Forensic psychology

ByGraham Davies, Anthony Beech

chapter 1.16|5 pages


ByColleen M. Berryessa, Adrian Raine

chapter 1.17|4 pages


ByAvi Brisman, Eamonn Carrabine

chapter 1.18|5 pages

Rational choice

ByMartha J. Smith

part 2|52 pages

The emergence and growth of American criminology

chapter |2 pages


chapter 2.1|4 pages

Chicago School

ByCharis E. Kubrin, Nicholas Branic

chapter 2.2|5 pages

Social disorganization theory

ByMichael J. Lynch, Kimberly L. Barrett

chapter 2.3|5 pages


ByEamonn Carrabine

chapter 2.4|5 pages

Differential association

ByAndrew Krebs, Mark Warr

chapter 2.5|5 pages

Social learning theory

ByGary Jensen

chapter 2.6|5 pages

Control theories

ByKristie R. Blevins

chapter 2.7|5 pages

Techniques of neutralization

ByHeith Copes, Shadd Maruna

chapter 2.8|5 pages

Market society and crime

ByElliott P. Currie

chapter 2.9|5 pages

General strain theory

ByRobert Agnew

chapter 2.10|5 pages

Relative deprivation

ByCraig Webber

part 3|80 pages

From appreciation to critique

chapter |2 pages


chapter 3.1|4 pages

Appreciative criminology

ByAvi Brisman

chapter 3.2|5 pages

The Birmingham Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies

ByEamonn Carrabine

chapter 3.3|4 pages

Critical criminologies

ByWalter S. DeKeseredy

chapter 3.4|5 pages

Defiance theory

ByAvi Brisman

chapter 3.5|4 pages


ByJeff Ferrell

chapter 3.6|5 pages

Feminist criminologies

ByClaire M. Renzetti

chapter 3.7|4 pages

Folk devils

ByNachman Ben-Yehuda

chapter 3.8|4 pages

Labelling theory

ByDale C. Spencer

chapter 3.9|4 pages

Marxist criminologies

ByJohn Lea

chapter 3.10|4 pages

Moral panic

ByErich Goode

chapter 3.11|4 pages

Newsmaking criminology

ByGregg Barak

chapter 3.12|4 pages

Peacemaking in criminology

ByHal Pepinsky

chapter 3.13|4 pages

Radical feminism

ByKerry Carrington

chapter 3.14|5 pages

Realism and left idealism

ByRoger Matthews

chapter 3.15|4 pages

Social constructionism

ByJoel Best, Jennifer Snyder

chapter 3.16|4 pages


ByGill Green, Sarah Senker

chapter 3.17|5 pages


ByShane Blackman

chapter 3.18|4 pages

Symbolic interactionism

BySusie Scott

part 4|192 pages

Late critical criminologies and new directions

chapter |2 pages


chapter 4.1|4 pages

Anarchist criminology

ByLuis A. Fernandez, Geert Dhondt

chapter 4.2|4 pages

Chaos criminology

ByChristopher R. Williams

chapter 4.3|5 pages

Conservation criminology

ByCarole Gibbs, Meredith L. Gore, Joseph A. Hamm, Louie Rivers, Adam Zwickle

chapter 4.4|5 pages

Convict criminology

ByJeffrey Ian Ross

chapter 4.5|5 pages

Corporate crime

ByErp Judith van, Huisman Wim

chapter 4.6|5 pages


ByBen Bowling, Sophie Westenra

chapter 4.7|4 pages

Critical race theory

ByLee E. Ross

chapter 4.8|5 pages

Cultural criminology

ByKeith Hayward, Jonathan Ilan

chapter 4.9|5 pages

Deviant knowledge

ByDeborah Drake, Reece Walters

chapter 4.10|4 pages


ByJackie Turton

chapter 4.11|4 pages

Environmental justice and victimology

ByMatthew Hall

chapter 4.12|4 pages

Financial crime

ByVincenzo Ruggiero

chapter 4.13|5 pages

Genocide and ecocide

ByDamien Short

chapter 4.14|4 pages


ByGary W. Potter

chapter 4.15|4 pages

Gothic criminology

ByCecil E. Greek

chapter 4.16|4 pages

Green criminology

ByAvi Brisman, Nigel South

chapter 4.17|5 pages

Hate crime

ByScott Poynting

chapter 4.18|5 pages

Indigenous criminology

ByChris Cunneen, Juan Tauri

chapter 4.19|5 pages

Institutional and anti-institutional violence

ByVincenzo Ruggiero

chapter 4.20|5 pages


ByKathryn Henne, Emily I. Troshynski

chapter 4.21|4 pages

Masculinities, structure and hegemony

ByJames W. Messerschmidt, Stephen Tomsen

chapter 4.22|4 pages

Narrative criminology

ByLois Presser, Sveinung Sandberg

chapter 4.23|4 pages

(Neo)-conservative criminology

ByRussell Hogg

chapter 4.24|5 pages


ByRob White

chapter 4.25|4 pages

Organized crime

ByDick Hobbs

chapter 4.26|5 pages

Patriarchy and crime

ByElizabeth Whalley, Joanne Belknap

chapter 4.27|5 pages

Postcolonial criminology

ByBiko Agozino

chapter 4.28|5 pages

Postmodern and constitutive criminologies

ByNigel South

chapter 4.29|5 pages

Post-structuralism and criminology

ByAdam J. Duso, Bruce A. Arrigo

chapter 4.30|5 pages

Psychosocial criminology

ByDavid Gadd

chapter 4.31|5 pages

Public criminology

ByGordon Hughes

chapter 4.32|5 pages

Queer criminology

ByMatthew Ball

chapter 4.33|4 pages

Social harm/zemiology

ByLois Presser

chapter 4.34|5 pages

Southern theory

ByAlbert de la Tierra, Kathryn Henne

chapter 4.35|5 pages

Speciesism and theriocide

ByMartine Synnøve Bergersen Lie, Ragnhild Sollund

chapter 4.36|5 pages

State crime

ByPhil Scraton

chapter 4.37|5 pages

State-corporate crime

ByPenny Green

chapter 4.38|5 pages


BySteve Hall, Simon Winlow

chapter 4.39|5 pages


ByPam Davies

chapter 4.40|4 pages

Visual criminology

ByEamonn Carrabine

chapter 4.41|4 pages

White-collar crime

ByWim Huisman, Judith van Erp

part 5|83 pages

Punishment and security

chapter |2 pages


chapter 5.1|5 pages


ByJoe Sim

chapter 5.2|4 pages

Antisocial behaviour

ByPeter Squires

chapter 5.3|4 pages

Community corrections

ByAnne Worrall

chapter 5.4|4 pages

Community policing

ByVictor E. Kappeler

chapter 5.5|4 pages


ByJudah Schept

chapter 5.6|4 pages


ByBen Hunter

chapter 5.7|4 pages

Fear of crime

ByLynn Hancock

chapter 5.8|4 pages


ByRandy K. Lippert

chapter 5.9|4 pages


ByHelen Johnston

chapter 5.10|4 pages

The new penology

ByMichelle Brown

chapter 5.11|4 pages


ByMichael Fiddler

chapter 5.12|4 pages


ByLeonidas K. Cheliotis

chapter 5.13|4 pages


ByMark Halsey

chapter 5.14|5 pages

Reintegrative shaming

ByMeredith Edelman, Nathan Harris

chapter 5.15|5 pages

Restorative justice

ByEmily Gaarder

chapter 5.16|5 pages


ByRob White

chapter 5.17|4 pages

Security and counter-security

ByPhil Carney

chapter 5.18|4 pages

Social control

ByRobert Reiner

chapter 5.19|4 pages


ByPeter Fussey

part 6|52 pages

Geographies of crime

chapter |2 pages


chapter 6.1|4 pages

Broken windows

ByGareth Millington

chapter 6.2|4 pages

Community safety

ByKaren Evans

chapter 6.3|4 pages

Crime science

ByGloria Laycock

chapter 6.4|4 pages


ByCraig Webber

chapter 6.5|4 pages

Defensible space

ByKen Pease

chapter 6.6|5 pages

Opportunity theory

ByScott A. Hunt

chapter 6.7|5 pages


ByPat O’Malley

chapter 6.8|4 pages

Routine activity theory

ByMartin A. Andresen, Olivia K. Ha

chapter 6.9|4 pages

Rural criminology

ByJoseph F. Donnermeyer

chapter 6.10|5 pages

Space, place and crime

ByMartin A. Andresen

chapter 6.11|6 pages

Spatial crime modelling and analysis

ByNick Malleson