This comprehensive handbook is the ultimate reference work, providing authoritative and international overviews of all aspects of schools and schooling in Asia. Split into 19 sections it covers curriculum, learning and assessment, private supplementary tutoring, special education, gender issues, ethnic minority education and LGBTQI students in Asian schools. The volume displays the current state of the scholarship for schools and schooling in Asia including emerging, controversial and cutting-edge contributions using a thematic approach. The content offers a broad sweep of the region with a focus on theoretical, cultural and political issues as well as identifying educational issues and priorities, such as curriculum, assessment, teacher education, school leadership, etc., all of which impact students and learning in multiple ways.

The Routledge International Handbook of Schools and Schooling in Asia brings together experts in each area to contribute their knowledge, providing a multidimensional and rich view of the issues confronting the region’s school and education systems.

Chapter 34 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/tandfbis/rt-files/docs/Open+Access+Chapters/9781138908499_oachapter34.pdf

Chapter 35 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/doi/10.4324/9781315694382-35

Chapter 36 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/doi/10.4324/9781315694382-36

Chapter 37 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/doi/10.4324/9781315694382-37

Chapter 38 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/doi/10.4324/9781315694382-38

chapter 1|11 pages

Schools and schooling in Asia

Achievements and challenges for “Asia rising”: an introduction to the Handbook

section 1|60 pages

Framing 21st-century education in Asia

chapter 2|13 pages

Closing the gaps

What does an equity agenda look like in Asia-Pacific? 1

chapter 3|12 pages

Notions of equality and fairness in education

The case of meritocracy in Singapore

chapter 4|18 pages

“Inter-referencing” as methodology

The “emotional contagion” of PISA and the discursive formation of an emergent East Asia policy field

chapter 5|15 pages

Looking in from outside

Schools and schooling in Asia from an outside perspective

section 2|66 pages


chapter 7|8 pages

High school mathematics curriculum in East Asia

Design and trends (Hong Kong, South Korea and Singapore)

chapter 8|17 pages

Intended curriculum of nature of science for prospective school science teachers

Scientism in Chinese science teacher educators’ conceptions

section 3|66 pages


chapter 12|3 pages

Learning and pedagogy

Asian perspectives

chapter 13|12 pages

Learning primary science by inquiry

What does a technology-enabled curriculum look like?

chapter 14|10 pages

Preparation for future collaboration

An interdisciplinary learning design in a Singaporean primary school

chapter 15|13 pages

Designing new media for new literacy in an arts classroom

A lesson about designed affordance and perceived affordance

chapter 17|16 pages

The internal/external frame of reference model of academic self-concept formation

Extension to a foreign language and Chinese vocational students

section 4|49 pages


chapter 20|14 pages

An assessment of learning Cantonese opera movement in Hong Kong

Application of the Computerised Kinetic Chain Assessment and Learning System

chapter 22|8 pages

Computerised adaptive testing

Application and implications for teaching and learning in Indonesia

section 5|62 pages

International schools

chapter 24|11 pages

And a green tea Frappuccino

Developing the local dimension of international schools

chapter 25|8 pages

Asian or international?

Exploring the tensions and opportunities offered by international schools in Asia for local students

chapter 27|14 pages

Leadership in Asian international schools

Mapping a research agenda

chapter 28|10 pages

The IB research programme

Instrumental and enlightenment use of research findings in Asia

section 6|47 pages

Private supplementary tutoring

chapter 29|4 pages

Private tutoring in Asia

Illuminating the shadow

chapter 30|10 pages

Shadow education in East Asia

Entrenched but evolving private supplementary tutoring

chapter 31|10 pages

Private tutoring in Southeast Asia

Knowledge economies, positional goods, and double entendres

chapter 32|12 pages

Shadow schooling in South Asia

Contexts, forms and characteristics of private supplementary tutoring in English at the secondary level in rural Bangladesh

chapter 33|9 pages

(Un)Regulating shadow education in West Asia

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey

section 7|68 pages

Information and communications technology

chapter 35|13 pages

Digital learning for developing Asian countries

Achieving equity, quality, and efficiency in education

chapter 37|23 pages

A systematic literature review of game-based learning and gamification research in Asia

The synthesized findings and research gap

chapter 38|14 pages

Learning analytics

Approaches and cases from Asia

section 8|54 pages

Early childhood education

chapter 39|6 pages

Early years education

Movements in the field

chapter 40|9 pages

Masks, masquerades and ironic performances

Getting our(selves) heard

chapter 41|14 pages

Neither a borrower nor a lender be? Better to question how to borrow

An exploration of Asia as method in teaching Drama-in-Education in Hong Kong

chapter 43|11 pages

Telling tales

Parental reactions to children’s picturebooks

section 9|38 pages

Language education

chapter 47|8 pages

Language teacher professional development in Asia

Historical trends, current practices and future directions

chapter 48|7 pages

Implementation and impact of language-in-education policies

Insights from South Korea and Hong Kong

section 10|59 pages

Special education

chapter 51|13 pages

Neural basis of learning issues in children with autism

A bridge to remediation planning

chapter 53|14 pages

Writing difficulties in Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Japan

An overview of the issues

section 11|58 pages

Moral and civic education

chapter 54|4 pages

Moral and Civic Education

chapter 55|9 pages

The dynamics of moral development

Rethinking what develops and how

chapter 58|8 pages

Citizenship education from a multicultural perspective

The case of Malaysia

chapter 59|14 pages

Alienated and disaffected students

Exploring the civic capacity of ‘Outsiders’ in Asian societies

section 12|38 pages

Vocational education

chapter 61|11 pages

Development of TVET systems in the ASEAN region

Issues of quality and standards

chapter 62|8 pages

Career guidance in TVET

Challenges of implementation

chapter 63|12 pages

A framework for success

A regional overview of the ICT-enhanced practices in TVET

section 13|76 pages

Education for sustainable development

chapter 64|3 pages

Sustainable schooling in the Asia-Pacific region

An imperative of hope

chapter 66|16 pages

The uneven work of sustainability

Schooling, tourism, and rural development in Southwest China

chapter 67|13 pages

Decolonizing pedagogy for inclusive education

Tagorean analysis of a case study

chapter 68|18 pages

Building active mindsets among the local youth for rural sustainability

The new role of local schools in an aging and shrinking society

chapter 69|17 pages

Stepping up the challenge

Fostering sustainability consciousness of Hong Kong students with New Senior Secondary Liberal Studies curriculum

section 14|46 pages


chapter 70|5 pages

Gender and schooling in Asia

Prospects and challenges

chapter 73|8 pages

Gender equity education in Taiwan

History, practices, and challenges

chapter 74|9 pages

To lead and to mother

Contradictory constructions of new femininities in an elite girls’ school in Hong Kong

section 16|45 pages

Sexual and gender minorities

chapter 80|4 pages

Contesting sexual and transgender prejudice

Advocating human rights of LGBTQ students in Asia

chapter 82|8 pages

From bakla to transpinay

Transgender students in Philippine schools

chapter 83|8 pages

Contesting school heterosexism

Rights-based sexuality education for LGBQ students

chapter 85|7 pages

Supporting transgender students

Chinese school social workers as transgender allies

section 17|48 pages

Teacher education

chapter 88|10 pages

The teaching practicum in Singapore

Developing teacher identity and professional practices

section 18|42 pages

Learning study

chapter 93|9 pages

The growth of lesson study globally and in Singapore

Implications for quality and sustainability

section 19|51 pages

School leadership

chapter 96|6 pages

School leadership in Asia

A growing knowledge base

chapter 98|11 pages

“We need an iron hand, but the iron hand must be a clean hand”

Contextualizing the practice of school leadership in Vietnam 1

chapter 99|12 pages

School principalship in China

A collective portrait

chapter 100|11 pages

Creativity and leadership as organizational vectors

Implications for East Asian school reform