While it has many connections to other topics in normative and applied ethics, discrimination is a central subject in philosophy in its own right. It plays a significant role in relation to many real-life complaints about unjust treatment or unjust inequalities, and it raises a number of questions in political and moral philosophy, and in legal theory. Some of these questions include: what distinguishes the concept of discrimination from the concept of differential treatment? What distinguishes direct from indirect discrimination? Is discrimination always morally wrong? What makes discrimination wrong? How should we eliminate the effects of discrimination? By covering a wide range of topics, and by doing so in a way that does not assume prior acquaintance, this handbook enables the reader to get to grips with the omnipresent issue.

The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Discrimination is an outstanding reference source to this exciting subject and the first collection of its kind. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international contributors the handbook is divided into six main parts:

• conceptual issues

• the wrongness of discrimination

• groups of ‘discriminatees’

• sites of discrimination

• causes and means

• history of discrimination.

Essential reading for students and researchers in applied ethics and political philosophy the handbook will also be very useful for those in related fields, such as law, sociology and politics.


chapter |16 pages

The Philosophy of Discrimination

An introduction
ByKasper Lippert-Rasmussen

part I|64 pages

Conceptual issues

chapter 1|11 pages

Direct Discrimination

ByFrej Klem Thomsen

chapter 2|12 pages

Indirect Discrimination

ByTarunabh Khaitan

chapter 3|12 pages

Statistical (And Non-Statistical) Discrimination

ByFrederick Schauer

chapter 4|14 pages

Epistemic Discrimination

ByKatherine Puddifoot

chapter 5|13 pages

Discrimination and Intersectionality

ByNatalie Stoljar

part II|102 pages

The wrongness of discrimination

chapter 6|14 pages

Discrimination and Disrespect

ByErin Beeghly

chapter 7|11 pages

Discrimination and Social Meaning

ByDeborah Hellman

chapter 8|11 pages

Discrimination and Irrelevance

ByLena Halldenius

chapter 9|13 pages

Discrimination and Desert

ByAndres Moles

chapter 10|8 pages

Discrimination and Rights

ByPeter Vallentyne

chapter 11|11 pages

Discrimination and Equality of Opportunity

ByCarl Knight

chapter 12|13 pages

Discrimination and Harm

ByRichard Arneson

chapter 13|10 pages

Discrimination and Freedom

BySophia Moreau

chapter 14|9 pages

Discrimination and Virtue

ByJ. L. A. Garcia

part III|116 pages

Groups of discriminatees

chapter 15|11 pages

Discrimination and Gender

ByGina Schouten

chapter 16|11 pages

Discrimination and Race

ByPatrick Shin

chapter 17|11 pages

Discrimination and Religion

BySune Lægaard

chapter 18|13 pages

Discrimination and Sexual Orientation

ByEdward Stein

chapter 19|12 pages

Discrimination and Disability

ByDavid Wasserman, Sean Aas

chapter 20|11 pages

Discrimination and Age

ByJuliana Bidadanure

chapter 21|10 pages

Discrimination and Immigration

ByJosé Jorge Mendoza

chapter 22|12 pages

Discrimination and Obesity

ByGarrath Williams

chapter 23|11 pages

Discrimination and Lookism

ByXiaofei Liu

chapter 24|12 pages

Discrimination and Trans Identities

ByMari Mikkola

part IV|80 pages

Sites of discrimination

chapter 25|11 pages

Discrimination and the Job Market

BySarah Goff

chapter 26|12 pages

Discrimination and Education

ByGideon Elford

chapter 27|11 pages

Discrimination and Law Enforcement

ByRe’em Segev

chapter 28|13 pages

Discrimination and Insurance

ByRonen Avraham

chapter 29|12 pages

Discrimination and Politics

ByNenad Stojanović

chapter 30|9 pages

Discrimination and the Private Sphere

ByHugh Collins

chapter 31|10 pages

Discrimination and the Personal Sphere

ByHugh Lazenby, Paul Butterfield

part V|54 pages

Causes and means

chapter 32|13 pages

The Social Psychology of Discrimination

ByJules Holroyd

chapter 33|13 pages

Discrimination and Affirmative Action

ByJulie Suk

chapter 34|14 pages

Discrimination and Diversity

ByGeorge Hull

chapter 35|12 pages

Wrongful Private Discrimination and The Egalitarian Ethos

ByCarina Fourie

part VI|14 pages


chapter 36|12 pages


Word, concept, anti-norm – some historical sketches
ByRobert K. Fullinwider