EU member states have seen high levels of unemployment in recent years especially amongst young people. At the same time the fiscal crisis of welfare states has made it difficult for them to invest in new jobs and new economic growth. The EU, at least since the enactment of the Amsterdam treaty, has had a focus on how to support member states’ development of an employment policy which aims for higher levels of participation, lower levels of unemployment and more gender equal approaches. Through exploring patterns in the recent development of financing and governance of social services and developments of social services and employment in the Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany and the UK, this volume provides readers with new knowledge and evidence of the options regarding social innovation in social services. Furthermore, it provides a comparative European perspective on how the interplay between a public and private mix of social service on the one hand might help in creating jobs, and, on the other, be a way of coping with the needs and expectations of higher level of services in the core areas of the welfare state.

chapter 1|8 pages


ByTomáš Sirovátka, Bent Greve

chapter 2|12 pages

Social Services and the Public Sector

ByTomáš Sirovátka, Bent Greve

chapter 4|21 pages

Financing the Welfare States – Changes and Challenges

ByBent Greve

chapter 5|15 pages

Social Innovation in Social Services

chapter 6|22 pages

Factors Shaping Employment in Social Services

ByTomáš Sirovátka

chapter 10|18 pages

Governance, Financing and Employment in Social Services in


chapter 12|26 pages

Comparing the National Cases

ByTomáš Sirovátka, Bent Greve

chapter 13|18 pages


ByTomáš Sirovátka, Bent Greve