The federal Fair Housing Act of 1968 was passed in a time of turmoil, conflict, and often conflagration in cities across the nation. It took the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. to finally secure its passage. The Kerner Commission warned in 1968 that "to continue present policies is to make permanent the division of our country into two societies; one largely Negro and poor, located in the central cities; the other, predominantly white and affluent, located in the suburbs and outlying areas". The Fair Housing Act was passed with a dual mandate: to end discrimination and to dismantle the segregated living patterns that characterized most cities. The Fight for Fair Housing tells us what happened, why, and what remains to be done.

Since the passage of the Fair Housing Act, the many forms of housing discrimination and segregation, and associated consequences, have been documented. At the same time, significant progress has been made in counteracting discrimination and promoting integration. Few suburbs today are all white; many people of color are moving to the suburbs; and some white families are moving back to the city. Unfortunately, discrimination and segregation persist. The Fight for Fair Housing brings together the nation’s leading fair housing activists and scholars (many of whom are in both camps) to tell the stories that led to the passage of the Fair Housing Act, its consequences, and the implications of the act going forward. Including an afterword by Walter Mondale, this book is intended for everyone concerned with the future of our cities and equal access for all persons to housing and related opportunities.

chapter 1|13 pages

Fair Housing Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow

ByGregory D. Squires

chapter 2|14 pages

From Jim Crow to Fair Housing

ByThomas J. Sugrue

chapter 3|12 pages

The Legislative Battle for the Fair Housing Act (1966–1968)

ByRigel C. Oliveri

chapter 4|17 pages

The Costs of Segregation and the Benefits of the Fair Housing Act

BySam Fulwood III

chapter 5|19 pages

More Than Just Race

Proliferation of Protected Groups and the Increasing Influence of the Act
ByMichael Allen, Jamie Crook

chapter 6|36 pages

The Fair Housing Act

A Tool for Expanding Access to Quality Credit
ByLisa Rice

chapter 7|21 pages

The Rocky Road Home

Latino Immigration and Fair Housing in California
ByJesus Hernandez

chapter 8|18 pages

From the “Perpetual Foreigner” to the “Model Minority” to the New Transnational Elite

The Residential Segregation of Asian Americans
ByFrank H. Wu

chapter 9|18 pages

At the Intersection of Criminal Justice and Fair Housing

ByJohn P. Relman, Sasha Samberg-Champion

chapter 10|20 pages

The Legacy and the Promise of Disparate Impact

ByMorgan Williams, Stacy Seicshnaydre

chapter 11|18 pages

Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing

The Mandate to End Segregation
ByRaphael W. Bostic, Arthur Acolin

chapter 12|21 pages

Opportunity Communities

Overcoming the Debate Over Mobility Versus Place-Based Strategies
Byjohn a. powell, Stephen Menendian

chapter 13|17 pages

Fair Housing and Stable Suburban Integration

ByMyron Orfield, Will Stancil

chapter 14|21 pages

The Intersections of Race and Class

Zoning, Affordable Housing, and Segregation in U.S. Metropolitan Areas
ByDouglas S. Massey, Jacob S. Rugh

chapter 15|25 pages

Living Downstream

The Fair Housing Act at Fifty
ByGeorge Lipsitz

chapter |6 pages


Ending Segregation: The Fair Housing Act’s Unfinished Business
ByWalter F. Mondale