Providing a comprehensive overview of Russia’s foreign policy directions, this handbook brings together an international team of scholars to develop a complex treatment of Russia’s foreign policy. The chapters draw from numerous theoretical traditions by incorporating ideas of domestic institutions, considerations of national security and international recognition as sources of the nation’s foreign policy. Covering critically important subjects such as Russia’s military interventions in Ukraine and Syria, the handbook is divided into four key parts:

Part I explores the social and material conditions in which Russia’s foreign policy is formed and implemented.

Part II investigates tools and actors that participate in policy making including diplomacy, military, media, and others.

Part III provides an overview of Russia’s directions towards the United States, Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Eurasia, and the Arctic.

Part IV addresses the issue of Russia’s participation in global governance and multiple international organizations, as well as the Kremlin’s efforts to build new organizations and formats that suit Russia’s objectives.

The Routledge Handbook of Russian Foreign Policy is an invaluable resource to students and scholars of Russian Politics and International Relations, as well as World Politics more generally.

part I|117 pages

Theories and conditions

chapter 3|17 pages

Power And National Security

chapter 4|19 pages


chapter 5|20 pages

Nationalism 1

chapter 6|19 pages


part II|114 pages

Tools and actors

chapter 7|15 pages

Diplomacy 1

chapter 8|15 pages

Natural Gas

chapter 9|15 pages


chapter 10|14 pages


chapter 11|17 pages

Cyber Power

chapter 12|18 pages

Media and Public Diplomacy

chapter 13|16 pages

The Russian Orthodox Church

part III|118 pages


chapter 14|17 pages

The United States

chapter 15|15 pages

Asia-Pacific and China

chapter 16|13 pages

The European Union

chapter 18|16 pages

The Middle East

chapter 19|14 pages

The Caucasus

chapter 20|13 pages

Central Asia

chapter 21|13 pages

The Arctic

part IV|79 pages


chapter 22|12 pages

The United Nations

chapter 23|10 pages

The G20

chapter 24|11 pages

European Organizations

chapter 25|12 pages

Asian Organizations 1

chapter 27|11 pages

The Eurasian Economic Union