ABSTRACT

The Soviet Union is a multinational state, with about half of the country's population being ethnically Russian. The advent of glasnost, and moves toward democratization and decentralization has unleashed the expression of national sentiments and interests in the USSR. This collection of Soviet materials surveys the many ramifications of the "nationality question" in the USSR in the 1980s. The topics covered include ideology, state organization, party recruitment, inter-republican economic relations, demographic factors, education, bilingualism, cultural institutions, religious traditions, military service, and disputes over republican prerogatives (in the Baltic) and over territory (the case of Nagorno-Karabakh). Each topical section includes a detailed introduction by the editor. This anthology provides coverage of the past decade, up to and including the current unrest and the impact of the Gorbachev reforms.

chapter 1|5 pages

Official Soviet Policy and the “National Problem”

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |4 pages

The Constitution of the USSR*

Chapters 8–11
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |8 pages

Sixty Years of the USSR*

ByIu. V. Andropov

chapter |2 pages

The Program of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union*

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |5 pages

Resolution of the Nineteenth All-Union Conference of the CPSU “On Inter-nationality Relations”*

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter 2|5 pages

Soviet Scholars and the Study of the “National Problem”

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |14 pages

The Constitutional Basis of Soviet National Statehood

ByE. V. Tadevosian

chapter |10 pages

Ethnic Processes in the USSR*

ByIu. V. Bromlei

chapter |10 pages

Improving National Relations in the USSR*

ByIu. V. Bromlei

chapter |6 pages

The National Problem and Social Science*

ByE. Bagramov

chapter 3|5 pages

Party Politics in the National Regions

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |5 pages

In Friendship Lies our Strength*

ByM. Shakirov

chapter |12 pages

With a Sound Grasp of the Situation*

ByK. Vaino

chapter |7 pages

Speech to the Twenty-seventh Congress of the CPSU*

ByE. K. Ligachev

chapter |5 pages

The Constructive Power of Brotherhood*

Interrepublican Exchange of Cadres Accelerates the Socioeconomic Development of the Country
ByTimur Alimov

chapter 4|5 pages

Economic Development and the National Regions

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |16 pages

Economic Relations among the Republics*

Forms and Essential Features
ByA. G. Granberg

chapter |9 pages

The Basic Guidelines for Economic and Social Development*

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |21 pages

The Siberian River Diversion Debate

The “Project of the Century” from Several Viewpoints *
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |10 pages

Labor Recruitment

A Shortage … Despite the Availability? (A Conversation with Professor T. S. Saidbaev)*
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter 5|5 pages

Ethnodemographic Trends

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |16 pages

National Self-awareness

The Basis on Which It Is Formed and the Sociocultural Factors Stimulating Its Development *
ByL. M. Drobizheva

chapter |13 pages

The Interregional Mixing and National Composition of Labor Resources *

ByL. V. Ostapenko, A. A. Susokolov

chapter |5 pages

More Democracy *

ByL. Drobizheva

chapter 6|5 pages

Language Training and Nationality Relations

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |7 pages

Bilingualism *

A Characteristic Feature of Nations and Nationalities under Developed Socialism
ByK. Kh. Khanazarov

chapter |7 pages

To Master Languages More Deeply *

The Commission on Nationality and Inter-nationality Relations of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Latvian SSR
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter 7|4 pages

Literature and National Culture

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |5 pages

The Soviet Multinational Cinema*

Similarities and Differences
ByAleksandr Karaganov

chapter |6 pages

We Have Come to Act*

ByOlzhas Suleimenov

chapter |18 pages

Discussing Aitmatov’s Novel “A Blizzard Waystation” (The Day Lasts More Than a Hundred Years)*

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |23 pages

The Price of Enlightenment From Moscow to Cholpon-Ata*

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |7 pages

From the 1987 Plenum of the USSR Union of Writers*

Literature and the Present
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |20 pages

From the 1988 Plenum of the USSR Union of Writers*

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter 8|5 pages

Religion and National Culture

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |7 pages

The Radio Mouthpiece of the Uniate Clergy *

ByA. Biskup

chapter |14 pages

Culture and Religion *

ByV. Nosovich

chapter |8 pages

Sheikh Yusuf Hamadani *

ByG. Snesarev

chapter |17 pages

Islam and Politics *

ByIgor Beliaev

chapter |17 pages

Preliminary Results of a Thousand-year Experiment *

A Conversation with Academician D. S. Likhachev
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter 9|5 pages

Patriotism and National Exclusivity

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |5 pages

Soviet Patriotism*

ByA. Dashdamirov

chapter |15 pages

Service in Afghanistan

Coverage in the Republic Press
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |7 pages

In the Central Committee of the CPSU*

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |4 pages

In the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Ukraine*

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |2 pages

Roots*

ByA. Pravov

chapter |6 pages

The Crimean Tatars

There are No Waves without Foam: On the Visit of a Group of Crimean Tatars to Moscow*
ByV. Ponamarev

chapter 10A|6 pages

Nationality Relations in Conflict: The Baltic Republics

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |10 pages

The Youth Problem in the Lithuanian Emigration*

ByK. Malinauskas

chapter |11 pages

The Summer 1987 Protests

Coverage from the Soviet Press
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |4 pages

Position Without “Opposition”*

Comments from the Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Lithuania
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |12 pages

Resolution of the Plenum of the Latvian Union of Writers*

With the Participation of the Directorates of the Unions of Architects, Designers, Artists, Cinematographers, Composers, and Theatrical Workers, Journalists, and Experts
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |1 pages

Order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic

On the State and National Symbol of the Estonian SSR
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter 10B|7 pages

Nationality Relations in Conflict: Nagorno-Karabakh

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |10 pages

Current Problems in Nationality Relations*

The All-Union Conference in Baku, December 1983
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |2 pages

M. S. Gorbachev’s Appeal to the Workers and the Peoples of Azerbaidzhan and Armenia*

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |6 pages

On Measures to Accelerate Socioeconomic Development of the Nagorno-Karabakh AO of the Azerbaidzhan SSR in 1988–1995*

Resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR of 24 March 1988
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |7 pages

The Riot in Sumgait

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |6 pages

The Strikes in the Nagorno-Karabakh AO

Coverage in the Azerbaidzhan Press
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |6 pages

The Strikes in the Nagorno-Karabakh AO

Coverage in Armenia
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |19 pages

The Strikes in the Nagorno-Karabakh AO

Coverage in Moscow
Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott

chapter |6 pages

Continuing Ethnic Violence in the Nagorno-Karabakh AO

Edited ByMartha B. Olcott, Lubomyr Hajda, Anthony Olcott