Discusses important aspects of the development of the welfare state in the Scandinavian countries and Iceland since the mid-1970s. It focuses on societal changes during a period of modest economic growth. Topics include labour market benefits, education and social mobility, class and inequality, income distribution and trajectories and health.

part I|1 pages

The Scandinavian Model

part II|1 pages

Class Inequalities

chapter 6|28 pages

Class and Inequality: The Swedish Experience

ByJoachim Vogel

chapter 7|16 pages

Class and Family Effects on Income Distribution: Finland, 1966–81

ByHannu Uusitalo

chapter 9|33 pages

Class Mobility in a Swedish City

ByMichael Tåhlin

part III|1 pages

Income and Poverty

chapter 10|14 pages

Income Dependency in Norway

ByStein Ringen

chapter 12|16 pages

The Income Safety Net: Who Falls into It and Why?

ByBjörn Gustafsson

chapter 13|19 pages

Poverty in Sweden, 1975–85

ByBjörn Gustafsson

part IV|1 pages

Social Trends

chapter 14|3 pages

Main Demographic Trends

ByLars ∅stby

chapter 15|15 pages

Trends and Inequalities in Mortality

ByTapani Valkonen

chapter 16|7 pages

Family Formation in Denmark

ByPoul Christian Matthiessen

chapter 17|23 pages

Changing Patterns of Social Relations

ByJussi Melkas

chapter 18|14 pages

The Female Factor in the Changing Living Conditions in Denmark

ByErik Jørgen Hansen

chapter 19|19 pages

Changing Roles: Trends in Women’s Employment and Gender Equality

ByAnne Lise Ellingsæter