From chatelaines to whale blubber, ice making machines to stained glass, this six-volume collection will be of interest to the scholar, student or general reader alike - anyone who has an urge to learn more about Victorian things. The set brings together a range of primary sources on Victorian material culture and discusses the most significant developments in material history from across the nineteenth century. The collection will demonstrate the significance of objects in the everyday lives of the Victorians and addresses important questions about how we classify and categorise nineteenth-century things. The fourth volume will look at raw materials that were handled and used by Victorians including blubber and coal.




Part 1. Animal Kingdom

1.1 Meat

Headnote 1.1

1. Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist: A Parish Boy’s Progress, 3 vols (London: Bentley, 1838), I: pp. 20-22

2. Arthur Lloyd, ‘American Beef’, in Arthur Lloyd’s Song of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Written, Composed and Sung by the Author (London: Ashdown, 1882)

3. Upton Sinclair, The Jungle (New York: Doubleday, Page, 1906), pp. 108-117

4. Joseph Conrad, ‘An Anarchist’, in A Set of Six (London: Methuen, 1908), pp. 165-198

5. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Herland, in The Forerunner: A Monthly Magazine, ed. By Charlotte Perkins Gilman 6.4 (April 1915), pp. 98-100.

1.2. Animal products: blubber/baleen, fur, ivory

Headnote 1.2

6. Herman Melville, Moby Dick; or, The Whale (New York: Harpers, 1849), pp. 261-271

7. Elizabeth Gaskell, Syvia’s Lovers (London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1863), pp. 1-8, 174-181

8. William Edward Traill, Fur Trade Letters of Willie Traill: 1864-1918, pp. 28-49, 161-164

9. Pauline E. Johnson, ‘The Cattle Thief’ in The White Wampum (London: John Lane, 1895), p. 11-15

10. Arthur H. Neumann, Elephant-Hunting in East Equatorial Africa: Being an Account of Three Years’ Ivory-Hunting Under Mount Kenia and among the Ndoorobo Savages of the Lorogi Mountains, including a Trip to the North of Lake Reudolph (London: Rowland Ward, 1898), pp. 37-51

11. Thomas Mofolo, Chaka: An Historical Romance, trans. From Sesuto by F.H. Dutton (London: Oxford University Press/Milford, 1931), pp. 129-142, 196-198

Part 2. Vegetable Kingdom

2.1 Agriculture and Trade

Headnote 2.1

12. Harriet Martineau, ‘Maternal Economy’, from ‘Cinnamon and pearls’ in Illustrations of Political Economy, 9 vols (London: Fox, 1833), VII: 76-100

13. Mary Kingsley, Travels in West Africa (London: Macmillan, 1897, pp. 671-680

14. Joseph J. Walters, ‘Sundry Experiences’, in Guanya Paw: The Story of an African Princess (Cleveland, O: Lauer & Mattill, 1891), pp. 66-73

2.2 Cotton

Headnote 2.2

15. Karl Marx, ‘’The Labor Process or the Production of Use Values’ and The Production of Surplus Value’, Capital (1867), I: pp. 129-36

16. Solomon Northup, Twelve Years a Slave (Auburn, NY: Derby & Miller, 1853), pp. 163-169

17. Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, ‘Free Labor’, from Poems on Miscellaneous Subjects (Pennsylvania: Merrishaw and Thompson, 1857), pp. 85-86.

18. [Unknown], ‘The Mill Hand’s Petition’ (London: Whittaker, 1866)

19. Elizabeth Twining, A Lecture on Cotton: Given at the Working People’s Rooms, Portugal Street, Lincoln’s Inn’ (1862)

2.3 Sugar

Headnote 2.3

20. James Grainger, The Sugar Cane (London: Dodsley, 1763), Book III, ll. 46-365

21. Frieda Cassin, With Silent Tread: A West Indian Novel (Antigua, 1891), pp. 35-40, 44-53, 76-78.

22. Claude McKay, ‘Two-An’-Six’, from Songs from Jamaica (Kingston: Gardner, 1912), pp. 86-91

2.4 Indigo, opium and tea

Headnote 2.4

23. Dinabandhu Mitra, Nil Darpan; or, the Indigo Planting Mirror, a Drama, trans. Rama-chandra, ed. by James Long (London: Manuel, 1861), Act 1, Scenes 1-3, pp. 5-17

24. Zhang Changjia, ‘Opium Talk’, trans. by Kenneth McMahon (1878), pp. 193-97, 200-02, 205-06, 210-11.

25. Robert Fortune, A Journey to the Tea Countries of China; including Sung-Lo and the Bohea Hills (London: Murray, 1852), p. 19-25, 272-287.

2.5 Rubber

Headnote 2.5

26. Mark Twain, King Leopold’s Soliloquy: A Defense of his Congo Rule (Boston, MA: Warren, 1905), pp. 3-17

27. E.D. Morel, Red-Rubber: The Story of the Rubber Slave Trade Flourishing on the Congo in the Year of Grace (London, 1906), pp. 43-58

28. W.E. Hardenburg, The Putumayo: The Devil’s Paradise. Travels in the Peruvian Amazon Region and an account of the Atrocities Committed Upon the Indians Therein, ed. And with an introduction by C. Reginald Enock, Together With Extracts from the Report of Sir Roger Casement Confirming the Occurrences, (London: Fisher Unwin, n.d.) pp. 299-309

Part 3. Mineral Kingdom

3.1 Coal

Headnote 3.1

29. W.S. Jevons, ‘Introduction and Concluding Reflections’, to The Coal Question: An Enquiry Concerning the Progress of the Nation, and the Probable Exhaustion of our Coal-Mines (London: Macmillan, 1865), pp. vii-xix; 344-349

30. Arabella Buckley, ‘The History of a Piece of Coal’, in The Fairy-Land of Science (London: Stanford, 1879), pp. 168-188.

31. Frances Hodgson Burnett, That Lass o’Lowrie’s (New York: Scribner, Armstrong, 1877), pp. 1-5, 227-234

32. Joseph Skipsey, ‘The Hartley Calamity’, ‘The Collier Lad’ and ‘Little Anna’, in Carols from the Coal-Fields: And Other Songs and Ballads (London: Scott, 1886), pp. 21-25, 65-67, 169-170

3.2 Gold

Headnote 3.2

33. Roderick Murchison, Siluria: The History of the Oldest Known Rocks Containing Organic Remains (London: Murray, 1854), pp. 449-458

34. Anthony Trollope, Australia and New Zealand, 3vols (Leipzig: Tauchnitz, 1873), I: pp. 31-37

35. Ellen Clacy, A Lady’s Visit to the Gold Diggings of Australia, 1852-53. Written on the Spot (London, 1853), pp. 86-97, 116-124.

36. Charles Reade, It Is Never too Late to Mend: A Matter of Fact Romance, 3 vols (London: Bentley, 1856), II: p. 190-200, 213-218.

37. The Chinese Question in Australia, edited by L. Kong Meng, Cheok Hong Cheong, and Louis Ah Mouy (1879), pp. 3-19.

38. John Rollin Ridge [Yellow Bird], The Life and Adventures of Joaquin Murieta: The Celebrated California Bandit, 3rd edn. (San Francisco: McRellish, 1854).

3.3 Diamonds

Headnote 3.3

39. Olive Schreiner, Undine (New York and London: Harper, 1928 - first written in 1884 but not published until after Schreiner’s death), pp. 280-300.

40. Cecil Rhodes, ‘Confession of Faith’ (1877)

41. [A.V. Alexander], ‘Are South African Diamonds Worth their Cost?’ (Manchester: Labour Press, (n.d.) 1897. Full pamphlet, pp. 1-20.

42. H. Rider Haggard, ‘Solomon’s Treasure Chamber’, King Solomon’s Mines (London: Cassell, 1885), pp. 299-316.