Offering insights from pioneering new perspectives in addition to well-established traditions of research, this Handbook considers the activities not only of advocacy groups in the environmental, feminist, human rights, humanitarian, and peace sectors, but also the array of religious, professional, and business associations that make up the wider non-governmental organization (NGO) community.

Including perspectives from multiple world regions, the book takes account of institutions in the Global South, alongside better-known structures of the Global North. International contributors from a range of disciplines cover all the major aspects of research into NGOs in International Relations to present:

  • a comprehensive overview of the historical evolution of NGOs, the range of structural forms and international networks
  • coverage of major theoretical perspectives
  • illustrations of how NGOs are influential in every prominent issue-area of contemporary International Relations
  • evaluation of the significant regional variations among NGOs and how regional contexts influence the nature and impact of NGOs
  • analysis of the ways NGOs address authoritarianism, terrorism, and challenges to democracy, and how NGOs handle concerns surrounding their own legitimacy and accountability.

Exploring contrasting theories, regional dimensions, and a wide range of contemporary challenges facing NGOs, this Handbook will be essential reading for students, scholars, and practitioners alike.

chapter |16 pages

Introducing NGOs and International Relations

ByThomas Davies

part I|56 pages

History and contributions

chapter 1|13 pages

The emergence of NGOs as actors on the world stage

ByNorbert Götz

chapter 2|14 pages

NGOs’ interactions with states

BySarah S. Stroup

chapter 3|17 pages

NGOs in global governance

ByMolly Ruhlman

chapter 4|10 pages

Transnational non-state politics

ByThomas Davies

part II|148 pages

Theory and analysis

chapter 5|15 pages

Constituting NGOs

ByWilliam E. DeMars, Dennis Dijkzeul

chapter 6|11 pages

Rationalist explanations for NGOs

ByYoungwan Kim

chapter 7|12 pages

NGOs and post-positivism

Two likely friends?
ByJutta Joachim, Chris Nijhuis, Andrea Schneiker

chapter 8|15 pages

NGOs in constructivist international relations theory

ByChristopher Marc Lilyblad

chapter 9|10 pages

The aesthetic politics of NGOs

ByHolly Eva Ryan

chapter 10|15 pages

NGOs and social movement theory

ByClare Saunders, Silke Roth

chapter 11|12 pages

International NGOs in development studies

ByHelen Yanacopulos

chapter 12|14 pages

NGOs and management studies

ByDavid Lewis

chapter 13|14 pages

NGOs in international law

Reconsidering personality and participation (again)
ByMath Noortmann

chapter 14|16 pages


Global research on NGOs and the non-profit sector
ByDavid Horton Smith

chapter 15|12 pages

Primary data on NGOs

Pushing the bounds of present possibilities
ByElizabeth Bloodgood

part III|192 pages

Issue-areas and sectors

chapter 16|14 pages

Feminist politics and NGO mobilization

Can NGOs degender global governance?
ByPaulina García-Del Moral, Di Wang, Myra Marx Ferree

chapter 17|14 pages

NGOs and labour

ByBob Reinalda

chapter 18|16 pages

NGOs and human rights

ByMarc S. Polizzi, Amanda Murdie

chapter 19|16 pages

Humanitarian NGOs

BySilke Roth

chapter 20|14 pages

Five generations of NGOs in education

From humanitarianism to global capitalism
ByWill Brehm, Iveta Silova

chapter 21|18 pages

The roles of the citizen sector in health and public health 1

ByPaul Gaist, Victoria Chau

chapter 22|14 pages

NGOs and peace

ByMargarita H. Petrova

chapter 23|14 pages

NGOs and the environment

ByNaghmeh Nasiritousi

chapter 24|18 pages

Civil society, expert communities, and private standards

ByAlejandro M. Peña

chapter 25|9 pages

An uncomfortable relationship

NGOs, trade associations, and the development of industry self-regulation
ByJonathan Doh, Tazeeb Rajwani, Thomas C. Lawton

chapter 26|13 pages

NGOs and global trade

ByErin Hannah, James Scott

chapter 27|14 pages

NGOs and professions

ByRaquel Rego

chapter 28|16 pages

Religiously affiliated NGOs

ByKarsten Lehmann

part IV|128 pages

Regional perspectives

chapter 29|18 pages

Transnational NGOs in the United States

ByGeorge E. Mitchell

chapter 30|14 pages

NGOs in the European Union

ByMatthias Freise

chapter 31|16 pages

The non-profit sector in Eastern Europe, Russia, and Central Asia 1

ByDavid Horton Smith, Alisa V. Moldavanova, Svitlana Krasynska

chapter 32|20 pages

NGOs in East and Southeast Asia

ByLei Xie, Joshua Garland

chapter 33|22 pages

NGOs, democracy and development in Latin America

ByInés M. Pousadela

chapter 34|11 pages

Civil societies and NGOs in the Middle East and North Africa

The cases of Egypt and Tunisia 1
BySarah Ben Néfissa

chapter 35|13 pages

NGOs in sub-Saharan Africa

Potentials, constraints and diverging experiences
ByHans Holmén

chapter 36|12 pages

NGOs in South Asia

ByPatrick Kilby

part V|94 pages

Contemporary challenges

chapter 37|14 pages

Democracy and NGOs

BySarah Sunn Bush

chapter 38|16 pages

NGOs and authoritarianism

ByAndrew Heiss

chapter 39|14 pages

NGOs and security in conflict zones

ByDaniela Irrera

chapter 40|19 pages

NGOs and the challenge of global terrorism

ByOmi Hodwitz

chapter 41|15 pages

International NGO legitimacy

Challenges and responses
ByMaryam Zarnegar Deloffre, Hans Peter Schmitz

chapter 42|14 pages

NGO accountability

ByAngela Crack