Ever since the Shanghai convention in 1909, the threat posed to human well-being by drug abuse has led countries around the world to take action to deal with their drug problems. There are wide variations in the policies pursued, but most countries try to reduce both the supply of and the demand for drugs. Unfortunately, there is little research consensus on the respective merits of these two approaches or about the best ways to pursue them. Consequently, control and prevention policies are mostly driven by political considerations, economic realities and cultural expectations, though research has played an important part in formulating and evaluating treatments for drug addiction. This volume reviews studies on drug abuse prevention and treatment strategies under five main areas: 1. Reducing supply - strategies to control the flow of drugs from production to retail distribution; 2. Reducing demand - prevention of drug use at all stages of involvement and consumption levels; 3. Reducing harm - promoting situational risk reduction practices for regular users, addicts and recreational users; 4. Reducing addiction - drug treatment options for various groups in various settings; and 5. Drug policies and prescriptions - focused on debates about prohibition and legalization.

part 1|1 pages

Reducing Supply

chapter 1|11 pages

Evaluating explanations of the Australian ‘heroin shortage’

ByLouisa Degenhardt, Peter Reuter, Linette Collins, Wayne Hall

chapter 2|7 pages

Changes in Canadian heroin supply coinciding with the Australian heroin shortage

ByEvan Wood, Jo-Anne Stoltz, Kathy Li, Julio S. G. Montaner, Thomas Kerr

chapter 3|21 pages

Strategies to Avoid Arrest: Crack Sellers’ Response to Intensified Policing

ByBruce D. Johnson, Mangai Natarajan

chapter 6|18 pages

The Multilateralization of Policing: The Case of Illicit Synthetic Drug Control

ByAdrian Cherney, Juani O’Reilly, Peter Grabosky

part 2|1 pages

Reducing Demand

chapter 7|12 pages

Reports of Substance Abuse Prevention Programming Available in Schools

ByZili Sloboda, Amod Pyakuryal, Peggy C. Stephens, Brent Teasdale, David Forrest, Richard C. Stephens, Scott F. Grey

chapter 8|26 pages

Promoting science-based prevention in communities

ByJ. David Hawkins, Richard F. Catalano, Michael W. Arthur

chapter 9|10 pages

Faith-Based Prevention Model: A Rural African-American Case Study

ByAdam E. Barry, Mary S. Sutherland, Gregory J. Harris

chapter 11|13 pages

Effectiveness of community-based outreach in preventing HIV/AIDS among injecting drug users

ByRichard H. Needle, Dave Burrows, Samuel R. Friedman, Jimmy Dorabjee, Graziele Touzé, Larissa Badrieva, Jean-Paul C. Grund, Munirathinam Suresh Kumar, Luciano Nigro, Greg Manning, Carl Latkin

chapter 12|14 pages

Evaluation of a media campaign aimed at preventing initiation into drug injection among street youth

ByÉLise Roy, VÉRonique Denis, Natalia Gutiérrez, Nancy Haley, Carole Morissette, Jean-FrançOis Boudreau

part 3|1 pages

Reducing The Harms or Risks Associated With Drug Abuse

chapter 14|19 pages

Patterns of HIV Prevalence and HIV Risk Behaviors Among Injection Drug Users Prior to and 24 Months Following Implementation of Cross-Border HIV Prevention Interventions in Northern Vietnam and Southern China

Edited ByTheodore M. Hammett, Ryan Kling, Patrick Johnston, Wei Liu, Doan Ngu, Patricia Friedmann, Kieu Thanh Binh, Ha Viet Dong, Ly Kieu Van, Meng Donghua, Yi Chen, Don C. Des Jarlais

chapter 16|7 pages

Characteristics of young illicit drug injectors who use North America’s first medically supervised safer injecting facility

Edited ByJo-Anne M. Stoltz, Evan Wood, Cari Miller, Will Small, Kathy Li, Mark Tyndall, Julio Montaner, Thomas Kerr

chapter 17|5 pages

Incidence of heroin use in Zurich, Switzerland: a treatment case register analysis

Edited ByCarlos Nordt, Rudolf Stohler

chapter 18|8 pages

Substance use and quality of life over 12 months among buprenorphine maintenance-treated and methadone maintenance-treated heroin-addicted patients

Edited ByIcro Maremmani, Pier Paolo Pani, Matteo Pacini, Giulio Perugi

part 4|1 pages

Reducing Addiction Through Treatment and Rehabilitation

chapter 19|20 pages

The effectiveness of drug abuse treatment: a meta-analysis of comparison group studies ⋆

ByMichael L. Prendergast, Deborah Podus, Eunice Chang, Darren Urada

chapter 20|7 pages

Different needs: Women’s drag use and treatment in the UK

ByMark Simpson, Julie McNulty

chapter 22|10 pages

Behavioral treatment approaches for methamphetamine dependence and HIV-related sexual risk behaviors among urban gay and bisexual men

BySteven. Shoptaw, Cathy J. Reback, James A. Peck, Xiaowei. Yang, Erin. Rotheram-Fuller, Sherry. Larkins, Rosemary C. Veniegas, Thomas E. Freese, Christopher. Hucks-Ortiz

chapter 23|12 pages

Drug User Treatment Within a Criminal Justice Context

ByMike. Hough

chapter 24|30 pages

Substance Use, Drug Treatment, and Crime: An Examination of Intra-Individual Variation in a Drug Court Population

ByDenise C. Gottfredson, Brook W. Kearley, Shawn D. Bushway

part 5|1 pages

Drug Policy and Prescriptions

chapter 25|11 pages

To Legalize or Not To Legalize? Economic Approaches to the Decriminalization of Drugs

ByAnne Line. Bretteville-Jensen

chapter 26|21 pages

The Economics of Drug Prohibition and Drug Legalization

ByJeffrey A. Miron

chapter 27|16 pages

Drug Policy Developments Within the European Union

The Destabilizing Effects of Dutch and Swedish Drug Policies
ByCaroline. Chatwin

chapter 28|6 pages

Interpreting Dutch Cannabis Policy: Reasoning by Analogy in the Legalization Debate

ByRobert MacCoun, Peter Reuter

chapter 29|15 pages

Optimal Control of Drug Epidemics: Prevent and Treat—But Not at the Same Time?

ByDoris A Behrens, Jonathan P Caulkins, Gernot Tragler, Gustav Feichtinger