The study of medieval warfare has developed enormously in recent years. The figure of the armoured mounted knight, who was believed to have materialized in Carolingian times, long dominated all discussion of the subject. It is now understood that the knight emerged over a long period of time and that he was never alone on the field of conflict. Infantry, at all times, played a substantial role in conflict, and the notion that they were in some way invented only in the fourteenth century is no longer sustainable. Moreover, modern writers have examined campaigns which for long seemed pointless because they did not lead to spectacular events like battles. As a result, we now understand the pattern of medieval war which often did not depend on battle but on exerting pressure on the opponent by economic warfare. This pattern was intensified by the existence of castles, and careful study has revealed much about their development and the evolving means of attacking them. Crusading warfare pitted westerners against a novel style of war and affords an opportunity to assess the military effectiveness of European methods. New areas of study are now developing. The logistics of medieval armies was always badly neglected, while until very recently there was a silence on the victims of war. Assembled in this volume are 31 papers which represent milestones in the development of the new ideas about medieval warfare, set in context by an introductory essay.

chapter 1|25 pages

War and Finance in the Anglo-Norman State

ByJ. Ο. Prestwich

chapter 2|6 pages

The Anglo-Flemish Treaty of 1101

ByElisabeth van Houts

chapter 5|21 pages

Arms, Armour and Warfare in the Eleventh Century

ByIan Pierce

chapter 6|16 pages

The Warhorses of the Normans

ByR. Η. C. Davis

chapter 8|26 pages

The Battle of Hastings

ByR. Allen Brown

chapter 9|13 pages

The Myth of the Military Supremacy of Knightly Cavalry

ByMatthew Bennett

chapter 10|20 pages

Miles in Armis Strenuus: The Knight at War

ByMichael Prestwich

chapter 11|28 pages

The Angevin Strategy of Castle Building in the Reign of Fulk Nerra, 987-1040

ByBernard S. Bachrach

chapter 12|37 pages

Cultural realities and reappraisals in English castle-study*

ByCharles Coulson

chapter 13|18 pages


ByDonald R. Hill

chapter 14|10 pages

Towards A Re-Evaluation of Medieval English Generalship

ByJohn Beeler

chapter 15|14 pages

Richard I and the Science of War in the Middle Ages 1

ByJohn Gillingham

chapter 16|9 pages

Hastings: An Unusual Battle

ByStephen Morillo

chapter 17|16 pages

A Forty Years War: Toulouse and the Plantagenets, 1156-96

ByRichard Benjamin

chapter 18|23 pages

A Society Organized for War: Medieval Spain*

ByElena Lourie

chapter 19|32 pages

'Ayn Jālūt Revisited

ByReuven Amitai-Preiss

chapter 20|16 pages

The Significance and causes of the battle of the Field of Blood

ByThomas Asbridge

chapter 21|11 pages

The failure of the siege of Damascus in 1148

ByA. J. Forey

chapter 24|16 pages

Crusader Castles: The First Generation

ByDenys Pringle

chapter 25|5 pages

Frankish Castle-Building in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem

ByRonnie Ellenblum

chapter 26|29 pages

The Mahdia campaign of 1087

ByΗ. Ε. J. Cowdrey

chapter 27|22 pages

Transportation of Horses by Sea During the Era of the Crusades: Eighth Century to 1285 a.d.

Part I: To c 1225
ByJohn Η. Pryor

chapter |24 pages

Transportation of Horses by Sea During the Era of the Crusades: Eighth Century to 1285 AD

Part II: 1228–1285
ByJohnΗ. Pryor

chapter 28|15 pages

The Rate of March of Crusading Armies in Europe

A Study and Computation 1
ByJohn W. Nesbitt

chapter 29|13 pages

Supplying the Crusader States: The Role of the Templars

ByMalcolm Barber

chapter 31|19 pages

Captivity and Ransom: The Experience of Women

ByYvonne Friedman