During the Glorious Revolution of 1688 Huguenot soldiers were at the forefront of William of Orange's army. Their role was an important one and they are, with justification, best remembered for this act among British historians and the public alike. Yet Huguenot soldiering existed long before this event, and French Protestants and their descendants featured prominently in European armies long afterwards. This volume is the first attempt to bring together in a scholarly study essays treating the Huguenots as soldiers in Europe and globally. Their story is often fascinating and sometimes poignant as they aided international Protestantism against Catholic foes across Europe and in the New World, while remaining 'under the cross' in their homeland of France. The book is divided into three sections, the first analysing the period prior to the 1685 Revocation of the Edict of Nantes which sealed their fate in France. Their role as mercenaries and freedom fighters receives attention, as does the complex political motivation that underscored their involvements abroad in the pre-Revocation era. Chapters examine the Huguenot rationale for foreign service and the dynamics of the Protestant international of which they were such a prominent part. Their role in European armies after that date is covered in the second section of the volume with a number of expert studies of Huguenot refugees in the armies of Britain, the Netherlands and Russia. A third section treats the Huguenot legacy, focusing on the aging generation of refugees and their descendants' contributions to the countries of their adoption. This book contains studies of the Huguenots serving in armies in various countries, and examines the lives and actions of a number of individual French refugee commanders who led armies consisting of their compatriots. By combining biographical studies of eminent figures with broader considerations of group experience, the volume presents a wide-ranging and thought provoking collection of material, making this the first study of its kind to consistently treat the military contribution made by the Huguenots to Europe at the high point of their importance as a historical group.

chapter |8 pages


chapter 1|22 pages

Huguenot Soldiering c.1560–1685

The Origins of a Tradition 1

chapter 2|16 pages

Huguenots and Huguenot Regiments in the British Army, 1660–1702

‘Cometh the moment, cometh the men’

chapter 3|12 pages

A Study in Misplaced Loyalty

Louis de Durfort-Duras, Earl of Feversham (1640–1709) 1

chapter 4|20 pages

‘The Good Lord Galway’

The English and Irish Careers of a Huguenot Leader 1

chapter 5|16 pages

‘Janisaries, and spahees and pretorian band’

Perceptions of Huguenot Soldiers in Williamite England 1

chapter 6|15 pages

Schomberg, Ruvigny and the Huguenots in Ireland

William III’s Irish War, 1689–91

chapter 7|20 pages

Huguenot Soldiers in Dutch Service

‘A good Captain to disperse the royal troops’

chapter 8|13 pages

Au Réfugié

Huguenot Officers in The Hague, 1687

chapter 9|15 pages

The Refugees in the Army of Brandenburg-Prussia

‘those unfortunate banished people from France’

chapter 10|13 pages

Integration and Social Ascent of Huguenot Soldiers in Brandenburg-Prussia

The Impact of the Edict of Potsdam 1

chapter 11|19 pages

Huguenot Soldiers in Brandenburg-Prussia under Friedrich Wilhelm and Friedrich III (1640–1713)

The State of Research in German Military, Migration and Confessional History 1

chapter 12|17 pages

‘The court at Celle … is completely French’

Huguenot Soldiers in the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg 1

chapter 13|16 pages

Huguenots in the Army of Savoy-Piedmont

Protestant Soldiers and Civilians in the Savoyard State in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century 1

chapter 14|16 pages

Huguenot Soldiers in Russia

A Study in Military Competence