This book tells ten urban histories of science from nine cities—Athens, Barcelona, Budapest, Buenos Aires, Dublin (2 articles), Glasgow, Helsinki, Lisbon, and Naples—situated on the geographical margins of Europe and beyond. Ranging from the mid-nineteenth to the early twentieth centuries, the contents of this volume debate why and how we should study the scientific culture of cities, often considered "peripheral" in terms of their production of knowledge. How were scientific practices, debates and innovations intertwined with the highly dynamic urban space around 1900? The authors analyze zoological gardens, research stations, observatories, and international exhibitions, along with hospitals, newspapers, backstreets, and private homes while also stressing the importance of concrete urban spaces for the production and appropriation of knowledge. They uncover the diversity of actors and urban publics ranging from engineers, scientists, architects, and physicians to journalists, tuberculosis patients, and fishermen. Looking at these nine cities around 1900 is like glancing at a prism that produces different and even conflicting notions of modernity. In their totality, the ten case studies help to overcome an outdated centre-periphery model. This volume is, thus, able to address far more intriguing historiographical questions. How do science, technology, and medicine shape the debates about modernity and national identity in the urban space? To what degree do cities and the heterogeneous elements they contain have agency? These urban histories show that science and the city are consistently and continuously co-constructing each other.

chapter |15 pages

Urban Histories of Science

How to Tell the Tale

chapter 1|21 pages

Envisioning a New European Metropolis

Designing the National Observatory of Athens

chapter 2|22 pages

Institutionalizing the “Metropolis of Mechanics”

Philosophical Engineering in the City of Glasgow c. 1820–c. 1875

chapter 4|22 pages

Copepods and Fisherboys

Advanced Marine Biological Research and Street Poverty in Naples c. 1890 1

chapter 6|19 pages

Second City of Science?

Dublin as a Center of Calculation in the British Imperial Context, 1886–1912

chapter 7|23 pages

From Capital City to Scientific Capital

Science, Technology, and Medicine in Lisbon as Seen through the Press, 1900–1910

chapter 9|22 pages

On Hygiene in a Modern Peripheral City

Buenos Aires, 1870–1940

chapter 10|19 pages

From Electricity to the Photo Archive

National Identity and the Planning of the 1929 Barcelona International Exhibition