This volume sheds new light on the significance and meaning of material culture for the study of pilgrimage in the ancient world, focusing in particular on Classical and Hellenistic Greece, the Roman Empire and Late Antiquity. It thus discusses how archaeological evidence can be used to advance our understanding of ancient pilgrimage and ritual experience. The volume brings together a group of scholars who explore some of the rich archaeological evidence for sacred travel and movement, such as the material footprint of different activities undertaken by pilgrims, the spatial organization of sanctuaries and the wider catchment of pilgrimage sites, as well as the relationship between architecture, art and ritual. Contributions also tackle both methodological and theoretical issues related to the study of pilgrimage, sacred travel and other types of movement to, from and within sanctuaries through case studies stretching from the first millennium BC to the early medieval period.

chapter 1|10 pages


Archaeologies of pilgrimage
ByWiebke Friese, Troels Myrup Kristensen

chapter 3|19 pages

Collective mysteries and Greek pilgrimage

The cases of Eleusis, Thebes and Andania
ByInge Nielsen

chapter 4|20 pages

Of piety, gender and ritual space

An archaeological approach to women’s sacred travel in Greece
ByWiebke Friese

chapter 6|19 pages

Pilgrimage and procession in the Panhellenic festivals

Some observations on the Hellenistic Leukophryena in Magnesia-on-the-Meander 1
ByKristoph Jürgens

chapter 7|24 pages

Palimpsest and virtual presence

A reading of space and dedications at the Amphiareion at Oropos in the Hellenistic period
ByAlexia Petsalis-Diomidis

chapter 8|22 pages

Roman healing pilgrimage north of the Alps

ByMartin Grünewald

chapter 9|14 pages

Visiting the ancestors

Ritual movement in Rome’s urban borderland
BySaskia Stevens

chapter 10|21 pages

The pilgrim and the arch

Paths and passageways at Qal‘at Sem‘an, Sinai, Abu Mena, and Tebessa
ByAnn Marie Yasin

chapter 11|16 pages

Movement as sacred mimesis at Abu Mena and Qal’at Sem’an

ByHeather Hunter-Crawley

chapter 12|21 pages

The allure of the saint

Late antique pilgrimage to the monastery of St Shenoute
ByLouise Blanke

chapter 13|21 pages

Excavating Meriamlik

Sacred space and economy in late antique pilgrimage
ByTroels Myrup Kristensen

chapter 14|18 pages

Pilgrimage and multi-religious worship

Palestinian Mamre in Late Antiquity
ByVlastimil Drbal

part 1|22 pages


chapter 15|10 pages

Excavating pilgrimage

ByJaś Elsner

chapter 16|10 pages

Pilgrimage progress?

ByJan N. Bremmer